Windows Operating Fundamentals (98-349): Ch.2 Understanding Operating System Configurations
Terms in this set (35)
Helps visually and hearing impaired users use Windows more easily and efficiently. The primary tools include Magnifier, Narrator, On-Screen Keyboard, and High Contrast....
Aset of utilities for managing advanced Windows features and diagnosing system problems. You can access the tools from the System and Security category of Control Panel.
This account type provides the broadest permissions and therefore the most control over the computer. Use this type of account only when you need to make changes or perform maintenance that requires elevated permissions.
The default theme in Windows 7...
To minimize all open windows at once, click the Show Desktop button. This button is the small shaded rectangle at the far right end of the taskbar. Pointing at it with your mouse pointer displays a preview of the desktop ...
This allows you to quickly minimize all open windows except the active one. Point the mouse at the title bar of the active window, click the hold and left mouse button, and then quickly move the mouse back and forth...
This allows you to quickly resize and arrange windows on the desktop. ...
Adds the ability to install and manage legacy applications and virtual machines centrally. This capability sometimes relies on additional Microsoft technologies, including a virtual desktop infrastructure ( VDI ) that runs a desktop OS within a virtual machine (VM) running on a server. ...
The domain controller checks the user's credentials, which are generally a user name and password. The user name entered must match the password on file. The domain controller also checks the permissions a user has to resources on the network.
The credentials are saved to the computer's hard disk...
Refers to the number of bits that represents the color for each pixel on the screen. Color depths are generally 8 bits, 16 bits, 24 bits, and 32 bits; newer systems offer only 24 or 32 bits.. ...
A utility that allows you to configure operating system features, set up hardware, install and uninstall software, create and modify users, and perform system maintenance... Each "program" in Control Panel is called an applet. Applets are organized by categories.
Broad term that refers to many different settings you can configure to personalize Windows, such as the Windows theme, the desktop background, mouse clicks and pointer speeds, gadgets, shortcuts, and more. ...
This is where you choose which monitor to use (if your computer is connected to two or more monitors) and whether to display content in a landscape or portrait orientation. You can also configure settings to connect a projector to your computer. Three other important display settings
you might want to adjust for specific purposes are resolution, color depth, and font size.
Ease of Access Center
Provides access to the Ease of Access Center, where you can configure accessibility options; also provides access to the speech recognition feature.
Generally refer to as administrative-level permissions...
Usually measured in dots per inch (dpi). You can enhance the appearance of your desktop by adjusting _____ dpi to improve the readability of pixelated or illegible fonts. ...
A small, single-purpose application that can be installed on the Windows 7 desktop. ...
An account with few permissions and no password that allows a user to use a computer without requiring a unique user account. The Guest account is intended mainly for a user who needs temporary use of a computer, and is disabled....
Guest operating system (guest OS)
.. a virtualized client runs as a VM inside a virtual runtime environment .
When you right-click a program's icon on the taskbar, a menu appears above the icon that contains a list of recently used files (if the application has an associated file type)....
If you have several programs open at
once, you can press and hold the Alt key and then press the Tab key repeatedly to switch between windows and see _______ of the window for each open program...
Microsoft Enterprise Desktop Virtualization
Part of the Microsoft Desktop Optimization Pack (MDOP), which delivers legacy applications to Windows 7 users in the form of Windows-XP based virtual machines. It provides a mechanism for providing uninterrupted access to legacy applications while Windows 7 upgrades and transitions are underway.
Microsoft Management Console
A utility, provided by Microsoft or a third party that's accessible through
a common interface such as Administrative Tools....
They are rules associated with objects on a computer or network, such as files and folders. They determine whether you can access an object and what you can do with it....
A collection of information that defines the actions that can be taken on a computer and which files and folders can be accessed (rights, policies, and permissions ).
An account also keeps track of user preferences, such as the desktop background, window color, and screen saver.
Types of user accounts
2. Standard user...
Standard user account
______ user account type has fewer permissions than an administrative-level account; but enough permissions to be productive. You should use this account for day-to-day work.
User Account Control
A feature in Windows Vista and Windows 7 that requires administrative-level permission to make changes to your computer that affect security or affect settings for other user accounts. If you're logged on as a standard user and you attempt to make a change that requires administrative-level permissions, UAC displays a dialog box.
A user with an administrator account on the computer must enter his password for you to continue.
An icon or link that gives you quick access to an original resource.
Contains your desktop settings (your theme, desktop background, screen saver, and so on) and other personal references.
A technology that creates an abstract version of a complete operating environment (including a processor, memory, storage, network links, a display, and so forth) entirely in software.
A VM that's set up specifically to run some kind of application that typically runs in an older version of Windows (such as Windows 2000 or Windows XP).
Windows XP Mode
An add-on that Microsoft makes available as an extension to Windows Virtual PC. When you install this virtual machine environment on a Windows 7 computer, users can run applications inside the VM that won't work on Windows 7.
Virtual Desktop Infrastructure
It depends on a special, licensed access right that permits users to access a virtual machine running a Windows client. This technology permits users to access secure, centrally-managed desktops running in a
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