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person appointed to vote in presidential elections for the major candidates

electoral college

a group of people named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president

popular vote

vote of the people in a "general election"

electoral vote

the official vote for president and vice president by electors in each state


when a president dies or something happens to them, the vice president will take presidency

executive order

a rule or command that has the force of law


a declaration of forgiveness and freedom from punishment


an order to delay a persons punishment until a higher court can hear the case


a pardon to a group of people

national security

the ability to keep the country safe from attack or harm


a formal agreement between the governments of two ore more countries

executive agreement

an agreement between the president and the leader of another country


an official representative of a country's government

trade sanction

an effort to punish another nation by imposing trade barriers


an agreement among a group of nations that prohibits them all from trading with a target nation

federal bureaucracy

agencies and the employees of the executive branch of government

spoils system

rewarding people with government jobs on the basis if their political support


a group of advisers to the president that includes the heads of 15 top-level executive departments

civil service worker

person hired into a government position

civil service system

the practice of hiring government workers on the basis of open, competitive examinations and merit

merit system

hiring people into government jobs on the basis of their qualifications

political appointee

a person appointed to a federal position by the president

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