38 terms

APUSH Chapter 28

The primary emphasis of the progressive movement was on:
strengthening government as an instrument of socail betterment
Prominent among those who aroused the progessive movement by stirring the public's sense of concern were:
socialists,social gospelers, women, and muckraking journalists
Most progressives were
urban middle-class people
Among the political reforms sought by the progressives were
initiative and referendum, direct election of senators, and women's suffrage
The states where progessivism first gained great influence were
Wisconsin, Oregon, and California
The Supreme Court case of Muller vs. Oregon was seen as a victory for both progressivism and women's rights because:
it upheld the constitutionality of laws granting special protection to women in the workplace
Roosevelt ended the Pennsylvania coal strike by:
forcing mediation by threatening to seize the coal mines and operate them with federal troops
The Roosevelt-backed Elkins Act and Hepburn Act were aimed at:
more effective regulation of the railroad industry
The controversy over the Hetch Hetchy Valley in Yosemite National Park revealed
a philosphocial disagreement between wilderness "preservationists" and more moderate "conservationists"
Two areas where Roosevelt's progressivism made its substantial headway were
consumer and conservation legislation
Roosevelt was blamed for the "panic of 1907" because
his "boat-rocking tactics" had allegedly unsettled industry
As a result of his successful campaign in 1908, William Howard Taft was expected to
continue and extend Roosevelt's progressive policies
Progressive Republicans grew disillusioned with Taft primarily over the issues of:
trust-busting, tariffs, and conservation
Roosevelt finally decided to break with the Republicans and form a third party because:
Taft used his control of the Republicans convention to deny Roosevelt the nomination
A largely middle-class movement that aimed to use the power of government to correct the economic and social problems of industrialism
Popular journalists who used publicity to expose corruption and attack abuses of power in business and government
Progressive proposal to allow voters to bypass state legislatures and propose legislation themselves
Prossive device that would enable voters to remove corrupt or ineffective officials from office
Roosevelt's policy of having the federal government promote te public interest by dealing evenhandedly with both labor and business
Square Deal
Effective railroad-regulation law of 1906 that greatly strengthened the Interstate Commerce Commission
Hepburn Act
Disastrous industrial fire of 1911 that spurred workmen's compensation laws and some state regulation of wages and hours in New York
Triangle Shirtwaist Fire
Upton Sinclair's novel that inspirited proconsumer federal laws regulating meat, food, and drugs
"The Jungle"
Powerful women's reform organization led by Frances Willard
Women's Christian Temperance Union
Brief but sharp economic downturn of 1907, blamed by conservatives on the supposedly dangerous president
Roosevelt Panic (of 1907)
Generally unsuccessful Taft foreign policy in which government attempted to encourage overseas business ventures
dollar diplomacy
Powerful corporation broken up by a Taft-initiated antitrust suit in 1911
Standard Oil Company
Eccentric economist who criticized the wealthy for "conspicuous consumption" and failure to serve real human needs. "The Tehory of Leisure Class"
Thorstein Veblen
Early muckraker who eposed the political corruption in many American cities in McClure's. "The Shame of the Cities". He fearlessly unmasked the corrupt alliance between big business and municipal government.
Lincoln Steffens
Leading muckraking journalist whose articles documented the Standard Oil Company's abuse of power
Ida Tarbell
Progressive measure that required US senators to be elected directly by the people rather than by state legislatures
17th Amendment
The most influential of the state-level progressive governors and a presidential aspirant in 1912. Most militant of the progressive Republican leaders.
Robert La Follette
New York City disaster that underscored urban workers' need for government protection
Triangle Shirtwaist Company fire
Dangerous labor conflict resolved by Rooseveltian negotiation and threats against business people
Anthracite coal strike
Progressive law aimed at curbing practices like those exposed in Upton Sinclair's "The Jungle"
Meat Inspection Act of 1906
Case that upheld protective legislation on the grounds of women's supposed physical weakness
Muller v. Oregon
Poltically inept inheritor of the Roosevelt legacy who ended up allied with the reactionary Republican "Old Guard"
William Howard Taft
Supreme court ruling that overturned a progressive law mandating a ten-hour work day
Lochner v. New York
Proconservation federal official whose dismissal by Taft angered Roosevelt progressives. Chief of Agriculture Department's Division of Forestry and a stalwart Rooseveltian.
Gifford Pinchot