Middle Ages

The main groups of people ideas during the Middle Ages.
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Feudalism
The political and economic system Europe in the 8th-14th centuries, in which lords owned the land and protected the servants or vassals who were required to work or serve the lord in war.
Lord
Land owners who demanded work and service in return for protection, also known as nobleman or nobles
Knight
Warriors who fought for Kings and Queens and other lords (noblemen)
Serf
Workers who farmed or did other craft work for the lords.
Catholic
Most Europeans were part of this Christian Church in the Middle Ages.
Castle
Military forts for lords and their servants which also served as the home of the lord.
Towns
Cities in Medieval Europe tended to be small but served as centers of trade and were somewhat independent.
Fief
The land granted to a vassal by a lord.
Pope
The leader of the Catholic Church.
Cathedral
Large Catholic churches built in a towering, ornate Gothic Style
Village
Most people were serfs and lived in these small farming communities
Manor
Farmlands, a village, a church, and a large house.
Monk
A religious man who lives with others apart from the rest of society to devote their lives to God.
Tithing
Donating one-tenth of your income or produce to the Church.
Tournament
A Medieval sport of mounted combat with blunted weapons.
Vassal
Someone who owes service to another person above them in the hierarchy of feudalism.
Divine Right of Kings
Monarchs claimed to get their power from God and rule in his name.
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