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Poetry Terms - Sound Devices

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alliteration
the repetition of CONSONANT sounds
ex: lonely lands
assonance
the repetition of VOWEL sounds
ex: go slowly
consonance
the repetition of middle/final CONSONANT sounds
ex: hat sit
rhyme
repetition of sounds at the end of words
end rhyme
occurs when the rhyming word/s come at the end of lines
slant rhyme
rhyme in which either the vowel or the consonants of stressed syllables are identical (look like they should rhyme, but they don't)
ex: grove, love
approximate near half off imperfect
types of slant rhymes (5)
eye rhyme
based on similarity of spelling rather than sound - conventional, reflecting historical changes in pronunciation: love/move/prove, why/envy
internal rhyme
occurs when the rhyming words appear in the same line
rhyme scheme
a regular patter of rhyming words in a poem, indicated by using different letters of the alphabet for each new rhyme (abab, aabb, ab ab cd cd)
repetition
the use of any element of language- a word, sound, phrase, clause, or sentence - more than once
refrain
repeat, the repetition of a line, phrase or group of lines throughout a poem, usually after each stanza
onomatopoeia
the use of words that imitate sounds
ex: whirr, thud, sizzle, hiss