Upgrade to remove ads
Constitution Study Guide 2
Terms in this set (67)
What is the preamble?
Goals/Purpose of Government.
What does the House of Representatives do?
It makes the laws.
Where is most of the work for the House of Representatives done?
At the committee level.
What are the qualifications to get into the House of Reps?
25 years old
Citizen for 7 years
Resident of state
How is the number of representatives for the house determined?
By state population.
How long is the term of office for a representative?
Is there a limit on the number of terms for a rep?
How is the speaker of the House chosen?
By the House members (usually along party lines by majority party).
What does the speaker of the House do?
Presides over meetings.
What is the Majority Leader?
The head of majority party.
Who is the Majority leader elected by?
What does the Majority leader do?
Leads the Majority party's political agenda, helps in campaigning.
What is the Minority Leader?
The head of the minority party.
Who is the Minority leader elected by?
What does the Minority leader do?
Leads party's political agenda, helps in campaigning.
What is a Whip?
A member of political party who maintains attendance, and discipline of fellow party members, and rounds up votes.
What are the qualifications to become a member of the senate?
30 years old
Citizen for 9 years
Resident of state
How many senators are there?
100. 2 per state.
How many senators are reelected? How often?
1/3. Every 2 years.
How long is a senator's term of office?
Is there a limited number of terms for a senator?
What is the Vice president?
The Presiding office of the senate
What does the vice president do?
Casts a vote when there's a tie.
Who is the President Protempore elected by?
Senators along party lines.
What does the President Protempore do?
Presides over the Senate when the Vice President is not available.
What are the duties and powers of the House of Reps?
Impeach or accuse a government official of wrong doing.
Where do all revenue or money bills begin?
In the House of Reps.
What are the duties and powers of the Senate?
Try all impeachment cases
Approve presidential appointments
Ratify treaties with a 2/3 majority
What are the duties and powers of both the Senate and the House of reps?
Override presidential veto with 2/3 majority
What are the limitations on Congressional Power?
Ex post facto
bill of attainder
Ex Post Facto
Making an action or behavior illegal after it has already been done (after the fact).
Individuals can not be held in jail indefinitely without being told of charges.
Bill of Attainder
Legislatures cannot punish individuals without trial.
What are the qualifications to be the president?
35 years old
14 year resident of U.S.
Natural born citizen
What are the duties of the President?
Commander in Chief of armed forces who can order troops into foreign countries.
Negotiates international treaties.
Can grant pardons and reprieves.
Appoints federal judges-including Supreme Court.
Appoints cabinet to advise president.
Calls congress into special session.
Can veto congressional bills-veto or pocket veto.
What is the presidents term of office?
4 years per term
Limited to 2 terms
Maximum number of years-10
What is the order of presidential succession?
Speaker of the House.
Vice President Protempore.
Secretary of State.
Other members of the Cabinet.
What are the qualifications for Vice President?
Same as president.
What are the duties of Vice President?
Becomes next president upon death of current president.
Presides over Senat-can vote to break tie.
Any other functions president chooses to give him.
What is the term of office for Vice President?
Unlimited number of time you can be vice president.
What are the qualifications for the Cabinet?
Chosen by president
Approved by Senate
What are the duties of the Cabinet?
Runs government bureaucracy in department
What is the term of office for the cabinet?
Same as president
Can be reappointed by next president
What are the types of elections?
Nominating election in which political parties vote for candidates who will represent their party in the general election.
Election in which voters select the winners for each political office.
What is the Electoral College?
The people who officially elect the president and vice president.
What happens if neither candidate wins the required number of electoral votes?
The House of reps chooses with one vote per state.
What is the total number of electors?
538 members (100 senators + 435 representatives + 3 for D.C.)
How are electors determined?
They are picked by the political parties from among their own members who pledge in advance to vote for the party's candidate.
How are electors determined for each state?
One for every senator and representative; Minimum number is 3.
How does a candidate win a state?
By winning popular vote with simple majority. Entitles the candidate to all of the electoral votes for that state, "winner-takes-all".
How does a candidate win the national election?
The candidate that recieves a majority of electors, 270 or more, wins.
What are some possible problems with the Electoral College?
Small states given little recognition.
Large states carry too much influence.
Person who wins the popular vote can lose the Electoral College vote.
What are the qualifications for the Supreme Court?
None-but tradition dictates a lawyer who shares the president's philosophy.
How is someone appointed to the Supreme Court?
President appoints, Senate approves
How long is the term for the Supreme Court?
What is the purpose of the Supreme court?
To help eliminate political interference.
Guarantees between the States
Full Faith and Credit
Full Faith and Credit
Each State will honor another's laws, records and actions.
Who can admit new states?
Congress may admit new states.
Who has the right to govern new territories and federal land holdings?
What is required to propose an amendment?
Two-thirds of both houses of Congress
Two-thirds of a Constitutional Convention
What is required to ratify an amendment?
Three-fourths of state legislatures
Three-fourths of a Constitutional Convention
What is the Supremacy Clause?
The United States Constitution is the "Supreme Law of the land."
What is loyalty to the Constitution?
Senators and Representatives must take an oath of office.
Is a religious test held for holding public office?
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
The Electoral College
American Government Semester Exam Review
Chapter 3 Civics 1-40
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Architecture Test Review
Spanish Lesson 2 Review
Unit 13 Cold War
Review chart - People
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
PLS 21 Midterm 1 Reading
Chapter 15 Medical insurance
Research Strategies: How Psychologists Ask and Ans…
Comprehensive Material for the Final Exam in Inequ…