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21 terms

Nerves of the head, face, and neck

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fifth cranial nerve
also known as the trifacial or trigeminal nerve; the largest of the cranial nerves; it is the chief sensory nerve of the face, and serves as the motor nerve of the muscles that control chewing
three branches
ophthalmic, mandibular, and maxillary
Auriculotemporal nerve
affects the external ear and skin above the temple, up to the top of the skull
Infraorbital nerve
affects the skin of the lower eyelid, side of the nose, upper lip, and mouth
Infratrochlear nerve
Affects Membrane and skin of nose is
Mental nerve
affects the skin of the lower lip and chin
Nasal nerve
affects the point and lower side of the nose
Supraorbital nerve
nerve that affects the skin of the forehead, scalp, eyebrow, and upper eyelid
Supratrochlear nerve
nerve that affects the skin between the eyes and the upper side of the nose
Zygomatic nerve
affects the muscles of the upper part of the cheek
SEVENTH (facial) CRANIAL NERVE
is the chief motor nerve of the face, it emerges near the lower part of the ear and extends to the muscles of the neck
Posterior auricular nerve
affects the muscles behind the ear and at the base of the skull
Temporal nerve
nerve that affects the muscles of the temple, side of forehead, eyebrows, eyelid, and upper part of the cheek
Zygomatic nerve
affects the muscles of the upper part of the cheek
Buccal nerve
affects the muscles of the month
Marginal mandibular nerve
affects the muscles of the chin and lower lip
Cervical nerves
Affect the side of the neck and the platyma muscle; originates at the spinal cord, and their branches supply the muscles and scalp at the back of the head and neck
Greater occipital nerve
located in the back of the head, affects the scalp as far up as the top of the head
Smaller (lesser) occipital nerve
nerve located at the base of the skull, affecting the scalp and muscles behind the ear
Greater auricular nerve
located at the side of the neck, affects the face, ears, neck, and parotid gland
Cervical cutaneous nerve
Located at the side of the neck, affects the front and sides of the neck as far down as the breastbone