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23 terms

Lab quiz 1

More suckage.
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Endocrine Glands
Ductless. Produce hormone and release into surrounding tissues
Autocrine Glands
Affects same cells that secrete them
Paracrine Glands
Affects other cells than the ones that secrete them
Hormones
Regulate metabolic functioning of cells
Rise
Alpha cells create glucigon which cause blood sugar levels to
Lower
Beta cells create insulin causing blood sugar levels to
Adrenal Cortex and Adrenal Abdulla
The two parts of the adrenal gland
Paraphaliphial cells (C cells)
Are a source of calcitonin, which decreases blood calcium levels
Effects of thyroid hormone
Controls basil metabolic rate, helps with metabolism, and helps with neural development and functioning
Growth hormone
stimulates growth - liver, bone, muscles
Thyroid stimulating hormone
releases the thyroid hormone - thyroid gland
Adrenocorticotropic hormone
releases glucocorticoids and androgens - adrenal cortex
Follicle-stimulating hormone
estrogen production and sperm production - ovaries and testes
Luteinizing hormone
triggers ovulation and promotes estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone production - ovaries and testes
Prolactin
Promotes lacktation - breast tissue
Oxytocin
causes contractions, induces labor, and initiates milk ejection - Uterus
Antidiuretic hormone
reabsorbs water - kidney
Adrenocortical hormones
mineralocorticoids and glucocortocoids (aldosterone and cortisol)
Adrenal Medullary Hormones
Catecholamines (epinephrine and norepinephrine)
Adipose tissue - Leptin
supresses appetite and increases energy expenditure - brain
Heart - Atrial natriuretic peptide
inhibits sodium reabsorption and decreases blood pressure - kidney
Kidney - Erythropoietin
stimulates production of red blood cells - red bone marrow
Kidney - Renin
Returns blood pressure to normal