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Garwell TCU

call and response

ray charles 1959 - "what'd i say" technique




the definition of music is ...


grouping of beats or measure


strong-weak bar


strong-weak-weak bar


cohesive pattern of musical though, described in terms of groups of bars

weak cadence

music wants to continue

strong cadence

music wants to stop

bourgeois blues

12-bar blues, phrase is 4-bars long, 2 weak cadence followed by a strong cadence

musical terms

pitch, duration (time), loudness (dynamics), tone quality (timbre)

scientific terms

frequency, duration, intensity, waveform


horizontal pitch organization, created by consecutive pitches


distance between 2 notes


special interval in which the upper pitch duplicates the lower pitch


fills in notes within an octave, the way you fill in the octave define the type

major scale


minor scale

C D Eb F G Ab Bb C

whole tone

C D E F# G# A# C


C# D# F# G# A#

major minor

rock predominantly uses ____ and ____ scales


basically move by steps


basically move by skips


vertical pitch organization, created by simultaneous pitches


3+ pitches played

chord progression

movement from one chord to the next, creates harmony


the I chord


the IV chord


the V chord


time, the materials, building blocks of rhythm, pulses, bars, rhythmic patter


intensity or dynamics


tone quality, brass, woodwinds, strings, percussion, keyboards, voice


thick vs. thin, monophone, homophonic, polyphonic


one line, melody only


melody + chords


many melodies, all independent and equal

forward energy

musical motion, of style or genre is created by its melody, harmony, rhythm, dynamics, timbre, texture, and how they change


shape/structure of the music, generally designated by letters to signify similar or different phrases, AAAA, AABB, ABCBA

intellectual emotional sexual dance/movement

IESD/M appeal factors

tin pan alley

flourished from the 1890s-1950s, faded with the rise of rock and roll, street in NYC, home of popular music industry

tin pan alley song

verse/chorus format, 32 bars with 4 equal phrases, form AABA


same melody and harmony but different lyrics


contrasting melody, harmony, and lyrics


the separate and distinct black experience, and the country and western experience


a song originating in one market and succeeding in another

shake rattle and roll

bill haley and the comets cover of joe turner's r&b song

rocket 88

1st recorded by ike turner and his band, released as jackie brenston and the delta cats

bill haley and the comets

1955 - rock around the clock, used as soundtrack for the blackboard jungle, failed when 1st released in 1954


king of rock and roll, hound dog, i want you i need you i love you

sun studios

sam phillips - elvis' producer, recording studio, "that's alright mama" 1st song, $3.98 to record, secretary suggested elvis

the team

colonel tom parker - promoter, RCA records

the sound

unique, raw, emotive, slurred vocal style, S in IESD/M

august 16 1977

the end of elvis, death of the las vegas elvis because of drugs and obesity

3 basic trends

mainstream rock, rockabilly, and soft rock

mainstream rock

emphasis on blues and r&b


emphasis on country and western

soft rock

emphasis on pop

roots of mainstream

blues (12 bar), r&b instrumental ensemble (electric guitar, piano, tenor sax, base/double base, drums), country (backbeat emphasis on weak beats), black gospel (vocal extravagants)

match box blues

blind lemon jefferson song, urban blues link to early rock and roll

mannish boy

song by muddy waters, chicago blues

12 bar blues defined

scale having the flatted blues notes, result mixing major and minor scales, possessing a melancholy soulful feeling, origins in the south (mississippi delta region)

the fathers

bill haley, little richard, antoine "fats" domino, chuck berry, jerry lee lewis

little richard

singer who credits unique vocals to gospel

antoine fats domino

singer who has legacy of good feeling, "blueberry hill"

chuck berry

father/poet of classic rock, "nadine"

jerry lee lewis

singer that had 2 personalities: onstage and offstage, inspired the movie "great balls of fire" with dennis quaid

roots of rockabilly

R&B the ensemble (electric guitar, piano, tenor sax, bass and drums), country (backbeat), the emphasis on on C&W songs

wake up little susie

everly brothers song, had 11 top hits, 4 of them at #1

travelin man

rick nelson song, also had 11 top hits

peggy sue

buddy holly and the crickets song, became background music for motion picture, from 1957-1959 had 9 top hits, thought he would be heir to elvis presley

roots of soft rock

pop music and the tin pan alley song form, lyric ballad and slow dance music

pat boone

songs include -- love letters in the sand, it's too soon to know, moody river, ain't that a shame

frankie avalon

songs include -- venus, dede dinah, bobby sox to stockings

neil sedaka

breaking up is hard to to, love will keep us together


frank sinatra famous quote on this issue in the 1958 congressional hearings, paying DJs to play songs on the radio, alan freed lost his career to this

ray charles

first man of soul (1930-2004); says soul is a mixture of elements - r&b, gospel, jazz, pop, country; enormous discography

james brown

godfather of soul

i've got a woman

gospel song, added secular lyrics, presented in an r&b-jazz-gospel format

essence of ray charles

versatile, conquered a genre then moved on

ray charles songs

a fool for you, don't let me catch you crying, sticks and stones, i've got news for you, together again

modern sounds in country and western music

ray charles album, #1 on billboard charts for 14 weeks, top 40 for 59 weeks, best selling album

life of ray charles

born in 1939 in albany, ga; lost his eyesight at 7 years old to childhood glaucoma, knew the piano, went to florida school for blind children, studied classical musical by braille, changed his name, introduced to heroin and addicted for 17 years, busted lead to a year of not performing

the kingston trio

tom dooley-1958, #1 on billboard charts, beginning of the folk song revival in the U.S.

stupid cupid

connie francis song, AABA form, TPA song form, 32 bar song

barbry allen

pete seeger song, AAAA form (strophic)

harry belafonte

songwriter of day-o, brought calypso to folk music, it was the carnival music of trinidad, born 3 years earlier than ray charles, jamaican mom took him back, returned to the U.S. for high school, dropout to go to the navy, 1st album calypso topped charts for 31 weeks

surfing music

characteristics: electric instruments, cutting edge of technology, fun loving topics, indifferent to social issues

folk music

characteristics: acoustic instruments, simple recording techniques, heavy topics, involved with social action

the beach boys

brian wilson - musical & technical leader, brothers carl and dennis, cousin mike love, friend al jardine

had 2 phases
1. surfin USA, little deuce coupe, sloop john b
2. good vibrations

good vibrations

most advanced musical and technical rock song up to late 1966, changes in tempo, beat, timbre, and texture, and use of the electronic instrument the theremin in characterize the song, 90 hours of studio time, $50,000 in production costs

chubby checker

started the dance craze, "the twist" "let's twist again" "twist it up" "pony time" " the fly" " limbo rock"

the beatles

saviors of rock and roll

crazy blues

mamie smith and her jazz hounds song 1920

great speckled bird

roy acuff song 1936

Tutti Frutti

little richard song

great balls of fire

jerry lee lewis song

blue velvet

bobby vinton song 1953

hey little cobra

the rip chord song 1963

which side are you on

pete seeger song 1967

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