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musical motion, of style or genre is created by its melody, harmony, rhythm, dynamics, timbre, texture, and how they change
shape/structure of the music, generally designated by letters to signify similar or different phrases, AAAA, AABB, ABCBA
tin pan alley
flourished from the 1890s-1950s, faded with the rise of rock and roll, street in NYC, home of popular music industry
bill haley and the comets
1955 - rock around the clock, used as soundtrack for the blackboard jungle, failed when 1st released in 1954
sam phillips - elvis' producer, recording studio, "that's alright mama" 1st song, $3.98 to record, secretary suggested elvis
roots of mainstream
blues (12 bar), r&b instrumental ensemble (electric guitar, piano, tenor sax, base/double base, drums), country (backbeat emphasis on weak beats), black gospel (vocal extravagants)
12 bar blues defined
scale having the flatted blues notes, result mixing major and minor scales, possessing a melancholy soulful feeling, origins in the south (mississippi delta region)
bill haley, little richard, antoine "fats" domino, chuck berry, jerry lee lewis
jerry lee lewis
singer that had 2 personalities: onstage and offstage, inspired the movie "great balls of fire" with dennis quaid
roots of rockabilly
R&B the ensemble (electric guitar, piano, tenor sax, bass and drums), country (backbeat), the emphasis on on C&W songs
buddy holly and the crickets song, became background music for motion picture, from 1957-1959 had 9 top hits, thought he would be heir to elvis presley
songs include -- love letters in the sand, it's too soon to know, moody river, ain't that a shame
frank sinatra famous quote on this issue in the 1958 congressional hearings, paying DJs to play songs on the radio, alan freed lost his career to this
first man of soul (1930-2004); says soul is a mixture of elements - r&b, gospel, jazz, pop, country; enormous discography
ray charles songs
a fool for you, don't let me catch you crying, sticks and stones, i've got news for you, together again
modern sounds in country and western music
ray charles album, #1 on billboard charts for 14 weeks, top 40 for 59 weeks, best selling album
life of ray charles
born in 1939 in albany, ga; lost his eyesight at 7 years old to childhood glaucoma, knew the piano, went to florida school for blind children, studied classical musical by braille, changed his name, introduced to heroin and addicted for 17 years, busted lead to a year of not performing
the kingston trio
tom dooley-1958, #1 on billboard charts, beginning of the folk song revival in the U.S.
songwriter of day-o, brought calypso to folk music, it was the carnival music of trinidad, born 3 years earlier than ray charles, jamaican mom took him back, returned to the U.S. for high school, dropout to go to the navy, 1st album calypso topped charts for 31 weeks
characteristics: electric instruments, cutting edge of technology, fun loving topics, indifferent to social issues
characteristics: acoustic instruments, simple recording techniques, heavy topics, involved with social action
the beach boys
brian wilson - musical & technical leader, brothers carl and dennis, cousin mike love, friend al jardine
had 2 phases
1. surfin USA, little deuce coupe, sloop john b
2. good vibrations
most advanced musical and technical rock song up to late 1966, changes in tempo, beat, timbre, and texture, and use of the electronic instrument the theremin in characterize the song, 90 hours of studio time, $50,000 in production costs
started the dance craze, "the twist" "let's twist again" "twist it up" "pony time" " the fly" " limbo rock"
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