15 terms

Psychology Ch. 1

b. introspection
To study inner sensations, images, and feelings, Wilhelm Wundt used a research tool known as

c.behavior genetics.
d.spaced practice
d. neuroscience
Which perspective is most relevant to understanding the links between hormone levels and sexual motivation?

c. psychodynamic
Focusing on the extent to which behavior is influenced by motives outside our own awareness is most relevant to the ________ perspective.

c. clinical
Dr. Stevens provides psychotherapy to people who suffer from excessive anxiety. Dr. Stevens is most likely a ________ psychologist.

d. overconfidence
Jamie and Lynn were sure that they had answered most of the multiple-choice questions correctly because "the questions required only common sense." However, they each scored less than 60% on the exam. This best illustrates

a.illusory correlation.
b.random assignment.
c.hindsight bias.
d. do all of these things
Psychological theories

a.organize scientific observations.
b.explain observed facts.
c.generate hypotheses
d.do all of these things.
b. the case study
Which research method runs the greatest risk of collecting evidence that may be unrepresentative of what is generally true?

a.naturalistic observation
b.the case study
d.the survey
c. random sampling
Every twenty-fifth person who subscribed to a weekly news magazine was contacted by market researchers to complete a survey of opinions regarding the magazine's contents. The researchers were applying the technique known as

a.naturalistic observation.
b.the double-blind procedure.
c.random sampling.
d. negatively correlated
Surveys are most likely to indicate that reckless behavior and self-control are

a.independent variables.
b.positively correlated.
c.dependent variables.
d.negatively correlated.
a. higher levels of popularity among your peers is associated with greater physical height in children
A correlation of +0.70 between children's physical height and their popularity among their peers indicates that

a.higher levels of popularity among your peers is associated with greater physical height in children.
b.there is no statistically significant relationship between children's height and their popularity.
c.being unusually short or tall has a negative impact on children's popularity.
d.children's height has no causal impact on their popularity.
c. illusory correlations
A tendency to notice and remember instances in which our premonitions of disaster are subsequently followed by harmful events is most likely to contribute to

a.random assignment.
b.hindsight bias.
c.illusory correlations.
d.the placebo effect.
b. an experiment
To test the potential effect of hunger on taste sensitivity, groups of research participants are deprived of food for differing lengths of time before they engage in a taste-sensitivity test. This research is an example of

a.correlational research.
b.an experiment.
c.survey research.
d.naturalistic observation.
a. random assignment
Researchers control factors that might influence a dependent variable by means of

a.random assignment.
c.naturalistic observation.
d.operational definitions.
b. control
In a study of factors that might affect memory, research participants were assigned to drink either an alcoholic or a nonalcoholic beverage prior to completing a memory test. Those who drank the nonalcoholic beverage were assigned to the ________ group.

b. study method
SQ3R is an acronym for an effective

a.neuroscience perspective.
b.study method.
c.biopsychosocial approach.
d.form of psychotherapy.