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15 terms

Psychology Ch. 2

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d. endorphins
Natural, opiatelike neurotransmitters linked to pain control are called

a.ACh agonists.
b.dendrites.
c.morphine antagonists.
d.endorphins.
b. interneurons
The vast majority of neurons in the body's information system are

a.stem cells.
b.interneurons.
c.motor neurons.
d.sensory neurons.
d. raises; dialates
In stressful situations, the sympathetic nervous system ________ blood sugar levels and ________ the pupils of the eyes.

a.lowers; dilates
b.raises; contracts
c.lowers; contracts
d.raises; dilates
c. neural networks
While listening to operatic solos, musicians process the lyrics and the tunes in separate brain areas. This most clearly illustrates the functioning of different

a.neurotransmitters.
b.reticular formations.
c.neural networks.
d.limbic systems.
d. glands
The endocrine system consists of

a.association areas.
b.neural networks.
c.interneurons.
d.glands.
c. norepinephrine
Which of the following chemical messengers is both a neurotransmitter and a hormone?

a.serotonin
b.acetylcholine
c.norepinephrine
d.dopamine
c. a PET scan
Which of the following would be most useful for detecting the brain areas that are most active as a person performs mathematical calculations?

a.a brain lesion
b.an interneuron
c.a PET scan
d.a hemispherectomy
c. brainstem
Which region of the brain appears to have the oldest evolutionary history?

a.frontal lobes
b.limbic system
c.brainstem
d.corpus callosum
c. cerebellum
After suffering an accidental brain injury, Kira has difficulty walking in a smooth and coordinated manner. She has probably suffered damage to her

a.amygdala.
b.hypothalamus.
c.cerebellum.
d.corpus callosum.
d. hypothalamus
The limbic system structure that regulates hunger is called the

a.thalamus.
b.amygdala.
c.hippocampus.
d.hypothalamus.
b. frontal lobes
Which portion of the cerebral cortex is most directly involved in making plans and formulating moral judgments?

a.occipital lobes
b.frontal lobes
c.temporal lobes
d.parietal lobes
d. association areas
The regions of the parietal lobes that are involved in mathematical and spatial reasoning are known as

a.the amygdala.
b.reward centers.
c.the reticular formation.
d.association areas.
c. aphasia
Due to an automobile accident, Jenny suffered damage to her cerebral cortex in Broca's area. Jenny is most likely to experience

a.auditory hallucinations.
b.memory loss.
c.aphasia.
d.paralysis of her left limbs.
c. plasticity
The successful functioning of children who have experienced the surgical removal of an entire cerebral hemisphere best illustrates the value of

a.aphasia.
b.tomography.
c.plasticity.
d.ACh antagonists.
a. left; left
The ________ hemisphere typically excels in making subtle linguistic inferences and the ________ hemisphere typically excels in making quick, literal interpretations of language.

a.left; left
b.right; right
c.left; right
d.right; left