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15 terms

Psychology Ch. 3

STUDY
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d. unconscious mental activity
The simultaneous processing of information on many parallel tracks is most closely associated with

a.REM rebound.
b.sleep apnea.
c.narcolepsy.
d.unconscious mental activity.
b. selective attention
Drivers detect traffic signals more slowly if they are also talking on a cell phone. This best illustrates the impact of

a.delta waves.
b.selective attention.
c.hypnagogic sensations.
d.neuroadaptation.
c. the circadian rhythm
Staying up especially late on weekends is most likely to have an influence on

a.narcolepsy.
b.sleep apnea.
c.the circadian rhythm.
d.dissociation.
c. Stage 4
Sleepwalking is most likely to be associated with ________ sleep.

a.Stage 2
b.Stage 3
c.Stage 4
d.REM
d. REM
A recurring sleep stage during which most vivid dreams commonly occur is known as ________ sleep.

a.Stage 2
b.Stage 3
c.Stage 4
d.REM
d. sleep apnea
Which of the following sleep disorders is most strongly associated with obesity?

a.narcolepsy
b.insomnia
c.night terrors
d.sleep apnea
c. Freud's wish-fulfillment
The distinction between manifest content and latent content is central to ________ theory of dreams.

a.the activation-synthesis
b.the memory consolidation
c.Freud's wish-fulfillment
d.Hilgard's dissociation
d. false memories
Court systems frequently ban testimony from witnesses who have been hypnotized because the procedure often encourages

a.parallel processing.
b.hallucinations.
c.narcolepsy.
d.false memories.
c. hypnotic pain relief
Dissociation has been used as an explanation for

a.narcolepsy.
b.paradoxical sleep.
c.hypnotic pain relief.
d.the near-death experience
b. hypnosis
Social influence explanations and divided-consciousness explanations are converging toward a unified account of

a.REM rebound.
b.hypnosis.
c.neuroadaptation.
d.the pop-out phenomenon.
c. tolerance
As drug users experience neuroadaptation, they demonstrate signs of

a.dissociation.
b.narcolepsy.
c.tolerance.
d.hallucinations
b. most of America's ex-smokers were able to kick the habit on their own
Research on addictive drugs most clearly indicates that

a.the medical use of morphine to control pain typically leads to addiction.
b.most of America's ex-smokers were able to kick the habit on their own.
c.addictions to narcotic drugs cannot be overcome without professional treatment programs.
d.those who occasionally use marijuana will almost always develop an addiction to this drug.
a. decreasing REM sleep
Alcohol consumption disrupts the processing of recent experiences into long-term memory by

a.decreasing REM sleep.
b.increasing anxiety.
c.decreasing sleep apnea.
d.increasing self-consciousness.
d. decrease; increase
Nicotine triggers a(n) ________ in anxiety and a(n) ________ in mental alertness.

a.increase; decrease
b.increase; increase
c.decrease; decrease
d.decrease; increase
a. LSD
The experience of vivid geometric images and dreamlike scenes is most likely to be triggered by

a.LSD.
b.heroin.
c.Nembutal.
d.amphetamines

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