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32 terms

NCLEX Review - Lab Values

STUDY
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Hemoglobin
(f) 12-16 ; (m) 14 - 18
Hematocrit
(f) 37-47% ; (m) 42-52 %
Platelets
150,000-400,000
RBC
(f) 4.2-5.4 ; (m) 4.7-6.2 million
WBC
5,000 - 10,000
Sed Rate/ESR
(f) 0-20 sec ; (m) 0-15 sec
Prothrombin Time (PT)
11 - 12 sec (Coumadin)
International Normalized Ratio (INR)
Normal <2, Coumaden 2-3 reported with PT
Partial thromboplastin time (PTT)
normal 30-40 ; heparin 53-70
Sodium (Na)
135-145 critical <120 or >160
Potassium (K)
3.5-5.5 critical =< 2.5 or > 6.5
Chloride (Cl)
98-106 critical =< 80 or > 115
Calcium (Ca)
8.2-10.2 critical =<7 or > 12
Bilirubin
0.3 - 1.0
BUN
10-20 critical >100 (have acidemia, confusion, fatigue, N/V, coma)
Creatinine
0.5-1.2 critical >7.4, renal insufficiency if 1.5-3
Glucose
Fasting 60-110
Hemoglobin A1c
4-6% = good glucose control
Creatinine enzymes
CK-MB, troponin 1, AST, myoglobin, B-type natiuretic peptide
pH of urine
4.5 - 7.5
Specific gravity of urine
1.010 - 1.030
ABG pH
7.35 - 7.45
pCO2
35 - 45
HCO3
22-26
pO2
80-100
O2 saturation
95-100%
Cholesterol level
140-200
LDL level
<130
HDL level
>45
Serum Osmolality
285-295
Magnesium
1.5 - 2.5 mEq/L ( toxic level: 4.8 - 9.6 mEq/L)
Phosphorus
2.5-4.5 mEq/L