32 terms

Pharisees, Sadducees, Essenes, and Zealots

STUDY
PLAY
Pharisee
embraced progressive ideas
Pharisee
believed in a coming judgement day
Pharisee
believe in ressurection of the dead
Pharisee
believe in rewards for the righteous and punishment for the sinners
Pharisee
believe in the future life of the soul
Pharisee
believe in the existence of angels, demons, and other spirits
Pharisee
devoted to keeping the faith of their fathers alive
Pharisee
experts in applying Mosaic law to EVERY facet of life
Pharisee
largely controlled the synagogues
Pharisee
as a group they pursued a high standard of religious dedication and personal righteousness
Sadducees
conservative, aristocratic group
Sadducees
followed a policy of cooperation with the Romans who occupied Palestine
Sadducees
many were wealthy land owners
Sadducees
they had considerable prestige and influence in Jewish religious life
Sadducees
served as officiating priests in Jerusalem at the Temple
Sadducees
their friendship with Romans helps to manipulate political affairs
Sadducees
they did not accept the oral law of the Pharisees
Sadducees
they did not accept ideas of a coming judgement day, resurrection of the dead, after life, angels of demons
Sadducees
they did not survive the first Christian century
Sadducees
After the destruction of the Temple in 70 AD by the Romans, this group will be reduced to insignificance
Essenes
rejected mainstream Judaism and its Temple worship as hopelessly corrupt
Essenes
withdrew to desert communities
Essenes
meditated, studied and copied scriptures while disciplining themselves to await the coming Messiah
Essenes
most lived in monastic communities
Essenes
avoided trade and symbols of wealth
Essenes
austere, hardworking existence
Essenes
emphasized prayer and the immediate appearance of the Messiah, the end of the world and a new covenant
Zealots
intensely patriotic group
Zealots
advocated the violent overthrow of Roman control
Zealots
looking for a strong-armed Messiah who would restore Judah's kingdom to its former power and prestige
Zealots
not organized as a specific political party until 63 AD when they attempted to drive the Romans from Palestine
Zealots
According to Josephus, it was THIS groups refusal to surrender (even after Jerusalem had been captured) that compelled the Romans to destory the Temple.