84 terms

6th Grade Social Studies NC Final Vocabulary Review

Review for MSL end of year assessment (vocabulary)
STUDY
PLAY
loess
yellow-brown soil (Yellow River)' fertile silt
dike
a wall that controls or holds back water
confucius
Chinese philosopher and teacher whose beliefs had a great influence on Chinese life
philosophy
system of beliefs and values
Middle Ages (Medieval Era)
66 years after the end of the Roman Empire
What happened as a result of the conflict between the Spanish and the Incas and the Aztecs?
the Spanish destroyed both civilizations with disease and weapons
Who were Cortes and Montezuma
Cortes was a Spaniard who lead the defeat of Montezuma. Montezuma was the Aztec leader. (Montezuma=Mexico)
Who were Pizarro and Atahualpa?
Pizarro was the Spaniard who lead the defeat of Atahualpa, the last Incan leader. (Atahualpa=Andes)
migration
the movement from one country or region to settle in another
savanna
grassland with scattered trees and bushes
Sahara
a huge desert stretching across most of North Africa
oral history
accounts of the past that people pass down by word of mouth
The Silk Road
a chain of trade routes stretching from China to the Mediterranean Sea
dynasty
a series of rulers from the same family
Andes
a mountain chain of western South America
Incas
people of a powerful South American empire
Cuzco
the capital city of the Incan Empire (present day Peru)
census
an official count of people in a certain place at a certain time
terraces
steplike ledges cut into mountains to make land suitable for farming
monsoons
a seasonal wind pattern that causes wet and dry seasons
caste system
the division of Indian society into groups based on rank, wealth and occupation
reincarnation
a Hindu and Buddhist belief that souls are born and reborn many times, each time into a new body
karma
the effects that good or bad actions have on a person's soul
scribe
one who knows how to read and write
Mesopotamia
the land between two rivers
city-state
self-governing town and the land around it
ziggurat
large, pyramid shaped temple
polytheism
belief in more than one god
monotheism
belief in one god
history
a written record of the experience of a group of people
prehistory
happened before people could write
what does an archaelogist study?
bones and tools
oral tradition
stories told by word of mouth
Sumer
civilization in Mesopotamia area (present day Iraq) whose language is Sumerian
innovations
new ways of doing things
What does a growing population in an area lead to?
producing large amounts of food such as grains and vegetables along with raising livestock
In Greece, who had the strongest army?
Sparta
In Greece, who had the strongest navy?
Athens
What were the reasons that led to the Peloponnesian War?
Greek city-states grew anti-Athenian because they had too much power and attacked a Sparta ally.
tribe
separate family groups
Torah
the first five books of the Hebrew bible
covenant
agreement with God in which God promised to return the Israelites to Canaan if they followed the laws
legend
explains the meaning of symbols on a map
scale
shows the relationship between measurement on a map and the actual measurement on the earth's surface
compass rose
shows directions on a map
longtitude
imaginary lines on a globe that run north and south
latitude
imaginary lines on a globe that run east and west
peninsula
land surrounded by water on three sides
polis
Greek city-state
agora
the marketplace in ancient Greece
Justinian Code
a legal code (code of laws) that began during the reign of Justianian
Eastern Roman Empire
part of the Roman Empire that thrived and became the Byzantine Empire
dynasty
a long line of rulers from one family
cataracts
rock filled areas along the Nile River
Amon-Re
the chief god and god of the sun
Shang
China's first dynasty
Qin
the dynasty that began building the Great Wall
subcontinent
large land mass jutting out from a larger land mass
Aryans
invading group that conquered the Indus Valley
Vedas
Aryan religious books
Brahma
the creator god
Vishnu
the protector god
What was it about the geography of Mesopotamia that attracted people?
plenty of rich soil and water
How was the flooding in Mesopotamia helpful?
it provided rich, new soil
How was the flooding in Mesopotamia harmful?
it destroyed houses and killed people
Why was Constantinople so attractive to other groups?
it controlled wealth through trade
What helped form the Byzantine Empire?
the East/West split of the Roman Empire
Who was responsible for moving the capital to the east?
Constantine
Who was responsible for creating a code of laws later used in Europe?
Justinian
powerful king of the Holy Roman Empire
Charlemagne
the way of organizing society and government during the Middle Ages
feudalism
self-sufficient community in the Middle Ages
Manor
trade or craft organization
guild
the beginning stage of learning a craft
apprentice
era
a large division of time
integral
essential; necessary
decade
a group or set of ten years
found
to create or set up something, such as a city
precise
exact
Romulus
one of the twins who founded Rome and after whom Rome was named
Estruscans
mysterious people who took over and influenced Rome about 600 BC
Patricians
upper class who ran Roman government
Plebeians
ordinary citizens of Rome
Senate
the most powerful part of the Roman Repulic