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6th Grade Social Studies NC Final Vocabulary Review
Review for MSL end of year assessment (vocabulary)
yellow-brown soil (Yellow River)' fertile silt
a wall that controls or holds back water
Chinese philosopher and teacher whose beliefs had a great influence on Chinese life
system of beliefs and values
Middle Ages (Medieval Era)
66 years after the end of the Roman Empire
What happened as a result of the conflict between the Spanish and the Incas and the Aztecs?
the Spanish destroyed both civilizations with disease and weapons
Who were Cortes and Montezuma
Cortes was a Spaniard who lead the defeat of Montezuma. Montezuma was the Aztec leader. (Montezuma=Mexico)
Who were Pizarro and Atahualpa?
Pizarro was the Spaniard who lead the defeat of Atahualpa, the last Incan leader. (Atahualpa=Andes)
the movement from one country or region to settle in another
grassland with scattered trees and bushes
a huge desert stretching across most of North Africa
accounts of the past that people pass down by word of mouth
The Silk Road
a chain of trade routes stretching from China to the Mediterranean Sea
a series of rulers from the same family
a mountain chain of western South America
people of a powerful South American empire
the capital city of the Incan Empire (present day Peru)
an official count of people in a certain place at a certain time
steplike ledges cut into mountains to make land suitable for farming
a seasonal wind pattern that causes wet and dry seasons
the division of Indian society into groups based on rank, wealth and occupation
a Hindu and Buddhist belief that souls are born and reborn many times, each time into a new body
the effects that good or bad actions have on a person's soul
one who knows how to read and write
the land between two rivers
self-governing town and the land around it
large, pyramid shaped temple
belief in more than one god
belief in one god
a written record of the experience of a group of people
happened before people could write
what does an archaelogist study?
bones and tools
stories told by word of mouth
civilization in Mesopotamia area (present day Iraq) whose language is Sumerian
new ways of doing things
What does a growing population in an area lead to?
producing large amounts of food such as grains and vegetables along with raising livestock
In Greece, who had the strongest army?
In Greece, who had the strongest navy?
What were the reasons that led to the Peloponnesian War?
Greek city-states grew anti-Athenian because they had too much power and attacked a Sparta ally.
separate family groups
the first five books of the Hebrew bible
agreement with God in which God promised to return the Israelites to Canaan if they followed the laws
explains the meaning of symbols on a map
shows the relationship between measurement on a map and the actual measurement on the earth's surface
shows directions on a map
imaginary lines on a globe that run north and south
imaginary lines on a globe that run east and west
land surrounded by water on three sides
the marketplace in ancient Greece
a legal code (code of laws) that began during the reign of Justianian
Eastern Roman Empire
part of the Roman Empire that thrived and became the Byzantine Empire
a long line of rulers from one family
rock filled areas along the Nile River
the chief god and god of the sun
China's first dynasty
the dynasty that began building the Great Wall
large land mass jutting out from a larger land mass
invading group that conquered the Indus Valley
Aryan religious books
the creator god
the protector god
What was it about the geography of Mesopotamia that attracted people?
plenty of rich soil and water
How was the flooding in Mesopotamia helpful?
it provided rich, new soil
How was the flooding in Mesopotamia harmful?
it destroyed houses and killed people
Why was Constantinople so attractive to other groups?
it controlled wealth through trade
What helped form the Byzantine Empire?
the East/West split of the Roman Empire
Who was responsible for moving the capital to the east?
Who was responsible for creating a code of laws later used in Europe?
powerful king of the Holy Roman Empire
the way of organizing society and government during the Middle Ages
self-sufficient community in the Middle Ages
trade or craft organization
the beginning stage of learning a craft
a large division of time
a group or set of ten years
to create or set up something, such as a city
one of the twins who founded Rome and after whom Rome was named
mysterious people who took over and influenced Rome about 600 BC
upper class who ran Roman government
ordinary citizens of Rome
the most powerful part of the Roman Repulic
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