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41 terms

Abnormal ch. 3

STUDY
PLAY
paradigms
perspectives used to explain events; models
huntington's disease
disorder marked by violent emotional outbursts, memory loss, suicidal thinking, involuntary movements, and absurd beliefs
mutation
abnormal form of the appropriate gene that emerges on accident.
psychotropic medication
drugs that mainly affect emotion and thought processes
antianxiety drugs
drugs to help reduce tension and anxiety
antidepressant drugs
drugs that help improve the mood of people who are depressed
antibipolar drugs
drugs that help stabilize the moods of those with bipolar disorder
antipsychotic drugs
drugs that help reduce the confusion, hallucinations and delusion of psychotic disorders
electroconvulsive therapy
two electrodes are attached to a patient's forehead and surges of electrical current are passed through the body
id
part that denotes instinctual needs, drives, and impulses; operates in accordance with the pleasure principle (always seeking gratification)
ego
unconsciously seeks gratification; reality principle (knowledge we acquire through experience that it can be unacceptable to express our id impulses); guides us to know when we can and can't express impulses
superego
development of the conscience; good and bad and feelings associated with each
ego theorist
people who emphasize the role of the ego and consider it a more independent and powerful force than frued
self theorist
emphasize the importance of developing a healthy self interest and give the greatest attention to the role of the unified personality
object relations theorist
propose that people are motivated by a need to have relationships with others and that severe problems in the relationships between children and their caregivers may lead to abnormal development
free association
therapy when the therapist tells the patient to describe every thought feeling and emotion that comes to mind even if it seems irrelevant
resistance
unconscious refusal to participate fully in therapy; when they suddenly cannot participate or free associate
transference
when patients act and feel towards their therapists the way they felt toward important persons in their lives
manifest content
consciously remembered dream
latent content
symbolic meaning of the dream
catharsis
the reliving of past repressed feelings
working through
when the patient and therapist must reexamine the same issues over and over in the course of many sessions, each time achieving greater clarity
relational psychoanalytical therapy
model that argues that therapists are key figures in the lives of patients, patient's feelings about what happening in therapy are thought to reveal their long standing relational problems, and therapists should also disclose things about themselves to try to establish a more egalitarian relationship with patients.
conditioning
simple forms of learning
operant conditioning
humans and animals learn to behave a certain way as a result of receiving rewards
modeling
individuals learn responses simply by observing other individual's behavior
classical conditioning
learning occurs by temporal association; when two events repeatedly occur close together in time they become fused together
systematic desensitization
step-by-step procedure where the clients gradually face their fears
cognitive behavioral therapist
therapist that help people change both their counterproductive behaviors and their dysfunctional ways of thinking
self actualize
fulfill the potential for goodness and growth
existential therapy
therapy in which people are encouraged to accept responsibility for their lives and problems
gestalt therapy
humanistic approach where therapists guide the clients toward self recognition and self acceptance but they try to achieve this goal by challenging and frustrating the client.
family systems theory
family is a system of interacting parts who interact with one another in consistent ways and conform to rules unique to each family
group therapy
format of therapy in which a therapist meets with a group of clients who have similar problems
self help group
group of people who have similar problems come together to help and support one another without the direct leadership of a professional clinician
community mental health treatment
program that allows clients to receive treatment in familiar surroundings as they try to recover
primary prevention
efforts used to improve community attitudes and policies; goal to prevent psychological disorders
secondary prevention
identifying and treating of psychological disorders in the early stages
tertiary prevention
provide effective treatment as soon as it is needed so that moderate or severe disorders dont become long term problems
culture sensitive therapy
therapy with approaches that seek to address the unique issues faced by members of cultural minority group
reality principle
knowledge that we acquire through experience that it can be acceptable to express our id impulses outright