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disorder marked by violent emotional outbursts, memory loss, suicidal thinking, involuntary movements, and absurd beliefs
drugs that help reduce the confusion, hallucinations and delusion of psychotic disorders
two electrodes are attached to a patient's forehead and surges of electrical current are passed through the body
part that denotes instinctual needs, drives, and impulses; operates in accordance with the pleasure principle (always seeking gratification)
unconsciously seeks gratification; reality principle (knowledge we acquire through experience that it can be unacceptable to express our id impulses); guides us to know when we can and can't express impulses
people who emphasize the role of the ego and consider it a more independent and powerful force than frued
emphasize the importance of developing a healthy self interest and give the greatest attention to the role of the unified personality
object relations theorist
propose that people are motivated by a need to have relationships with others and that severe problems in the relationships between children and their caregivers may lead to abnormal development
therapy when the therapist tells the patient to describe every thought feeling and emotion that comes to mind even if it seems irrelevant
unconscious refusal to participate fully in therapy; when they suddenly cannot participate or free associate
when patients act and feel towards their therapists the way they felt toward important persons in their lives
when the patient and therapist must reexamine the same issues over and over in the course of many sessions, each time achieving greater clarity
relational psychoanalytical therapy
model that argues that therapists are key figures in the lives of patients, patient's feelings about what happening in therapy are thought to reveal their long standing relational problems, and therapists should also disclose things about themselves to try to establish a more egalitarian relationship with patients.
humans and animals learn to behave a certain way as a result of receiving rewards
learning occurs by temporal association; when two events repeatedly occur close together in time they become fused together
cognitive behavioral therapist
therapist that help people change both their counterproductive behaviors and their dysfunctional ways of thinking
therapy in which people are encouraged to accept responsibility for their lives and problems
humanistic approach where therapists guide the clients toward self recognition and self acceptance but they try to achieve this goal by challenging and frustrating the client.
family systems theory
family is a system of interacting parts who interact with one another in consistent ways and conform to rules unique to each family
format of therapy in which a therapist meets with a group of clients who have similar problems
self help group
group of people who have similar problems come together to help and support one another without the direct leadership of a professional clinician
community mental health treatment
program that allows clients to receive treatment in familiar surroundings as they try to recover
efforts used to improve community attitudes and policies; goal to prevent psychological disorders
provide effective treatment as soon as it is needed so that moderate or severe disorders dont become long term problems
culture sensitive therapy
therapy with approaches that seek to address the unique issues faced by members of cultural minority group
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