US History: Chapter 26- Cold War Conflicts
Terms in this set (20)
United Nations (UN)
An international governmental organization created shortly before the end of World War II to guarantee the security of nations and to promote global economic, physical, and social well-being
Communist nations in Eastern Europe on friendly terms with the USSR and thought of as under the USSR's control
1947, President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology, mainly helped Greece and Turkey
A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted each other on the battlefield but deadly threats went on for years.
airlift in 1948 that supplied food and fuel to citizens of west Berlin when the Russians closed off land access to Berlin
A United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe (1948-1952)
1949; North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an attack against one of the member nations would be viewed as an attack against them all; protected member nations under American nuclear power; first US peacetime military alliance in history, formal end to US isolationism; inspired Soviet Union to create the German Democratic Republic (Eastern Germany) and explode an atomic bomb in 1949, and set up rival eastern bloc military alliance, the Warsaw Pact in 1955; sparked the massive arms race known as the Cold War
General and leader of Nationalist China after 1925. Although he succeeded Sun Yat-sen as head of the Guomindang, he became a military dictator whose major goal was to crush the communist movement led by Mao Zedong. (p. 788)
(1893-1976) Leader of the Communist Party in China that overthrew Jiang Jieshi and the Nationalists. Established China as the People's Republic of China and ruled from 1949 until 1976.
Line that divided Korea - Soviet Union occupied the north and United States occupied the south, during the Cold War.
(1950-3) A conflict between UN forces (primarily US and S Korea) against North Korea, and later China; Gen. Douglas Macarthur led UN forces and was later replaced by Gen. Ridgeway; Resulted in Korea remaining divided at the 38th parallel.
The House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) was an investigating committee which investigated what it considered un-American propaganda,
A group of actors, writers, directors, musicians, and other entertainers, who were barred from working in the industry because of their affiliations or suspected affiliations with the Communist Party of America.
a list of 500 actors, writers; producers; and directors who were not allowed to work on Hollywood flims b/c of the alleged Communist connections
The term associated with Senator Joseph McCarthy who led the search for communists in America during the early 1950s through his leadership in the House Un-American Activities Committee.
Hydrogen bomb. This bomb is 67 times more powerful than the bomb that destroyed Hiroshima. The U.S. developed it first, closely followed by the Soviet Union.
A 1956 term used by Secretary of State John Dulles to describe a policy of risking war in order to protect national interests
An alliance between the Soviet Union and other Eastern European nations. This was in response to the NATO
Policy of the US that it would defend the Middle East against attack by any Communist country
A 1960 incident in which the Soviet military used a guided missile to shoot down an American U-2 spy plane over Soviet territory