EHS Human Geography: Midterm Study Guide
Terms in this set (70)
An economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically.
A relationship between countries in which they rely on one another for resources, goods, or services
A way of using natural resources without depleting them, and of providing for human needs without causing long term environmental harm
The spread of nuclear weapons that do not have nuclear capabilities
a group of close-knit and interrelated families
The system of writing used in China and other East Asian countries in which each symbol represents an idea or concept rather than a specific sound, as is the case with letters in English.
A society where the father is the head of the family, clan, or tribe and all power is held by and transferred through males
A consistent set of beliefs by groups/individuals
Living, growing, or produced naturally in a particular place; native
Denial of export, import, or financial relations with the target country in an effort to change that nation's policies.
All of the things needed to support a city or industry. These include: water systems, sewage, power, streets, transport (railroads, airports), schools to train employees, etc.
Adapting plants and animals from the wild for such uses as food, clothing, and transportation
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
products derived from petroleum or natural gas
a person who flees for refuge or safety, especially to a foreign country, as in time of political upheaval, war, etc.
A social process leading from a rural economy based from a rural economy based on animal power and low productivity to a market economy based on steam and electric power with high productivity
A political and economic system where factors of production are collectively owned and directed by the state.
Picture symbol used as part of a writing system
A form of social organization in which a female is the family head
A system of beliefs shared by a group with objects for devotion, rituals for worship and a code of ethics
A relatively small religious group that has broken away from an established denomination.
the number of births in a year for every 1,000 people in a population
number of deaths per year for every 1,000 people
Natural Rate of Increase
the growth rate of a population; the difference between birthrate and death rate
movement of people from one place to another
the model that uses birthrates and death rates to show how populations in countries or regions change over time
The population in a country, continent, or the world
The average number of people in a square mile
developments that mark changes in a particular area
the way of life of a group of people who share similar beliefs and customs
group of related languages that have all developed from one earlier language
Group of people who share common ancestry, language, religion, customs, or combination of such characteristics
division of the earth based on a variety of factors, including government, social groups, economic systems, language, or religion
The spread of ideas, customs, and technologies from one people to another
A government that gives all key powers to the national or central government
form of government in which powers are divided between the national government and state or provincial governments
a government in which a single person holds unlimited political power
a system of government in which a small group holds power
any system of government in which leaders rule with consent of the citizens
a system in which tradition and custom control all economic activity; exists in only a few parts of the world today
an economic system based on free enterprise, in which businesses are privately owned, and production and prices are determined by supply and demand
a system of resource management in which the government supports and regulates enterprise through decisions that affect the marketplace
a system of resource management in which decisions about production and distribution of goods and services are made by a central authority
substance from the earth that is not made by people but can be used by them
country that has a great deal of technology and manufacturing
newly industrialized country
a country that has begun transitioning from primarily agricultural to primarily manufacturing and industrial activity
country in the process of becoming industrialized
trade between countries without quotas, tariffs, or other restrictions
rule by the army instead of the elected government
Sphere of Influence
A foreign region in which a nation has control over trade and other economic activities.
tourism that encourages environmental awareness and has little effect on the ecosystem
Migration to a new location
A market in which there are many buyers but only one seller.
Movement of people from rural areas to cities
A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation.
closely related people of several generations
A good or service produced in the home country and sold in another country.
Gross Domestic Product- the total market value of all final goods and services produced annually in an economy
the interconnected economies of the nations of the world
someone who disagrees
rapid expansion of a city into the countryside around the city
A body of representatives that makes laws for a nation
Hiring workers in other countries to do a set of jobs
a territory governed as a political district of a country or empire
producing just enough to meet immediate needs
A country imports more goods than it exports or exports more than it imports
a method of production in which tasks are done by individuals in their rural homes
a raw material or primary agricultural product that can be bought and sold, such as copper or coffee.
The process of learning a culture
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