How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

chapter 4

STUDY
PLAY
orgin
point at which a muscle begins
oblique
muscle name that means slanted or at an angle
flexion
to bend a limb at the joint
pronation
motion turns the palm of the hand downward or backward
dorsiflexion
bend the foot upward at the ankles
triceps
muscle is formed into three divisions
myocardial
type of muscle forms the muscular wall of the heart
abduction
means to move away from the midline
polymyositis
muscle disease characterized by the simultaneous inflammation and weakening of voluntary muscles in many parts
tenotomy
the surgical division of a tendon for relief of a deformity caused be abnormal shortening of a muscle
dystonia
abnormal condition of muscle tone that causes the impairment of voluntary muscle movement
hemiplegia
condition is the total paralysis
elevation
the act of raising the ribs when breathing in
hypokinesia
abnormally decreased motor function or activity
contracture
the permanent tightening of fascia, muscles, tendons, ligaments, or skin that occurs when normally elastic connective tissues are replaced with nonelastic fibrous tissues
fascioplasty
surgical repair of a fascia
carpal tunnel syndrome
occurs when the median nerve is compressed as it passes through the narrow area in the wrist
tenodesis
means to suture the ends of a tendon to a bone
spasmodic torticollis
stiff neck due to spasmodic contraction of the neck muscles that pull the head toward the affected side
ergonomics
the study of human factors that affect the design and operation of tools and the work environment
electromyography
diagnostic test records the strength of muscle contractions
myotonia
a neuromuscular disorder characterized by the slow relaxation of the muscles after a voluntary contraction
atropy
weakness and wasting away caused by disuse of the muscle over a long period of time
myoparesis
a weakeness of slight muscular paralysis
myocele
protrusion of a muscle through its ruptured sheath
rotation
circular movement around an axis, such as the shoulder joint
chronic fatigue syndrome (cfs)
a debilitating and complex disorder characterized by profound fatigue that is not improve by bed res and may be made worse by physical or mental activity
psychiatrist
a physician who specializes in physical medicine and rehabilitation
adduction
movement toward the mid-line of the body
tenodynia
pain in a tendon also known as tenalgia
spasm
sudden, involuntary contraction of one or more muscles
myofascial
specialized soft tissue manipulation technique used to ease the pain of conditions such as fibromyalgia
epicondylitis
inflammation of the tissues surronding the elbow
circumduction
the circular movement of the limb at the far end
myolysis
the degeneration of muscle tissue
intermitten claudication
pain in the leg muscles that occurs during exercise and is relieved by rest
myorrhexis
rupture or tearing of a muscle
hypotonia
condition in which there is diminished tone of the skeletal muscles
paraplegia
paralysis of both legs and the lower part of the body
singultus
medical term for hiccups
electroneuromyography
testing and recording neuromuscular activity by the electric stimulation of nerves
myomalacia
abnormal softening of muscle
tenorrhaphy
surgical sulfuring together of the divided
achilles tendonitis
painful inflammation of the achilles tendon caused by excessive stress being placed
adhesion
band of fibrous tissue that holds structures together abnormally
compartment syndrome
involves the compression of the nerves and blood vessels due to swelling withing the enclosed space created by the fascia that separates groups of muscles
bradykinesia
the condition of extreme slowness in movement
tenolysis
procedure of freeing a tendon from adhesions
cardioplegia
paralysis of the heart, also known as cardiac arrest
skeletal muscles
also known as striated muscles because of their striped apperance
muscle pair
muscles work in opposition to each other
fascilitis
inflammation of a fascia
Impingement syndrome
occurs when inflamed and swollen tendons are caught in the narrow space between the bones withing the shoulder joint
insertion
the place where the muscle ends
sarcopenia
age-related reduction in skeletal muscle mass in the elderly
hyperkinesia
abnormally increase muscle function or activity
heel spurs
hardened deposits in the plantar fascia that can be one of the causes of plantar fascilitis
shin splint
pain caused by muscle tearing awat from the tibia
paralysis
the loss of sensation and voluntary muscle movements through disease or injury to its nerve supply
antispasmodic
administered to suppress smooth muscle contractions of the stomach
fascia
the sheet of fibrous connective tissue that covers, supports, and separates muscles or groups of muscles
abduction
moves away from the midline
adduction
moves toward the midline
flexion
bends a joint
extension
straightens a joint
pronation
turns the palm downward
circumduction
turns at the far end
depression
lowers a body part
elevation
raises a body part
rotation
turns a bone on its own axis
supination
turns the palm upward
lateralis
towards the side
oblique
at an angle
rectus
straight
sphincter
ringlike muscle
transverse
crosswise direction
external
near the surface
internal
deeper location
laterlis
toward the side
maximus
largest muscle
medialis
toward the midline
biceps
formed from two muscle divisions
insertion
where a muscle ends
origin
where a muscle begins
quadriceps
formed from four muscle divisions
triceps
formed from three muscles divisions