1600s-1700s: Early writings promoted the benefits of colonization to both Europeans and to the colonies themselves; authors included John Smith and William Penn.
Religious issues and the Great Awakening provided material for written works by John Winthrop, Edward Winslow, Roger Williams, Jonathan Edwards, and George Whitefield.
The political issues of revolution influenced writing in the mid 1700s, including works by Samuel Adams, Benjamin, Franklin, and Thomas Paine.
Post-war writings, such as The Federalist Papers, explored the system of American values and governmental structure.
The first American novel, published 1789, was William Hill Brown's "The Power of Sympathy."
Art copied European style but featured portraits of important Americans; famous artists included John Trumbull, Charles Peale, Benjamin West, and John Copley.
Gilbert Stuart painted the portrait of George Washington that is now on the on-dollar bill.