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AP Human Geography Chapter 13 Vocab
Terms in this set (62)
Legally adding land area to a city in the United States.
Squatter settlements found in the periphery of Latin American cities.
An area delineated by the U.S. Bureau of the Census for which statistics are published; in urbanized areas, census tracts correspond roughly to neighborhoods.
The strength of an urban center in its capacity to attract producers and consumers to its facilities; a city's "reach" into the surrounding region.
The movement of people, capital, services, and government into the central city.
Similar to a landscape, but used to refer to that of a large urban area.
The transformation of an area of a city into an area attractive to residents and tourists alike in terms of economic activity.
Outermost zone of the concentric zone model that represents people who choose to live in residential suburbs and drive into the Central Business District to work each day.
A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are spatially arranged in a series of rings.
Council of government
A cooperative agency consisting of representatives of local governments in a metropolitan area in the United States.
The process of dispersing decision-making outwards from the center of authority.
The change in density in an urban area from the center to the periphery.
A large node of office and retail activities on the edge of an urban area.
City currently not having a significant population but increasing in size at a fast rate.
Neighborhood, typically situated in a larger metropolitan city and constructed by or comprised of a local culture, in which a local culture can practice its customs.
A shantytown or slum, especially in Brazil.
A process of change in the use of a house, from single-family owner occupancy to abandonment.
A settlement which acts as a link between two areas.
A process of converting an urban neighborhood from a predominantly low-income renter-occupied area to a predominantly middle-class owner-occupied area.
Cities with populations over one million.
A ring of land maintained as parks, agriculture, or other types of open space to limit the sprawl of an urban area.
Building on empty parcels of land within a checkerboard pattern of development.
Central area of a major city; often applied to poorer parts of a US city center.
Invasion and succession
Process by which new immigrants to a city move to dominate or take over areas or neighborhoods occupied by older immigrant groups.
Traveling from one suburb to another suburb to work.
Cities with more than 10 million people.
Term used to designate large coalescing supercities that are forming in diverse parts of the world.
In the U.S., a central city of at least 50,000 population, the county within the city is located, and adjacent counties meeting of several tests indicating a functional connection to the central city.
An urbanized area of between 10,000 and 50,000 inhabitants, the county in which it is found, and adjacent counties tied to the city.
Multiple nuclei model
A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are arranged around a collection of nodes of activities.
Agglomeration of office buildings with facilities established for infrastructure to enhance the possibility of business success.
Peak land value intersection
The area with the greatest land value and commercial trade.
A model of North American urban areas consisting of an inner city surrounded by large suburban residential and business areas tied together by a beltway or ring road.
A city, town, or community that was designed from scratch, growing more or less to a particular plan.
A stage of economic development in which service activities become relatively more important than secondary and primary economic activities.
Postmodern urban landscape
The material character of a more contemporary urban area.
Housing owned by the government; in the United States, it is rented to residents with low incomes, and the rents are set as 30% of the families' incomes.
The practice in which real estate brokers guide prospective home buyers towards or away from certain neighborhoods based on race or ethnicity.
A process by which banks draw lines on a map and refuse to lend money to purchase or improve property within the boundaries.
A statement written into a property deed that restricts the use of land in some way.
Rush (peak) hour
The four consecutive 15-minute periods in the morning and evening with the heaviest volumes of traffic.
A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are arranged around a series of sectors, or wedges, radiating out from the central business district.
The separation of people based on racial, ethnic, or other differences.
A district of a city marked by poverty and inferior living conditions.
Legislation and regulations to limit suburban sprawl and preserve farmland.
Development of new housing sites at relatively low density and at locations that are not contiguous to the existing built-up area.
An area within a city in a less developed country in which people illegally establish residences on land they do not own or rent and erect homemade structures.
Way in which streets are designed; types are grid, dendritic (few streets based on the amount of traffic each is intended to carry).
A subsidiary urban area surrounding and connected to the central city; many are exclusively residential; others have their own commercial centers or shopping malls.
Movement of upper- and middle-class people from urban core areas to the surrounding outskirts to escape pollution as well as deteriorating social conditions.
Smaller landscapes than symbolize a bigger area or category.
A building in which several families rent rooms or apartments, often with little sanitation or safety.
A group in society prevented from participating in the material benefits of a more developed society because of a variety of social and economic characteristics.
Urban growth rate
The rate of an urban population.
How a city manages to get clean water to its citizens and back into the water cycle.
The study of the physical form and structure of urban places.
Program in which cities identify blighted inner-city neighborhoods, acquire the properties from private owners, reallocate the residents and businesses, clear the site, build new roads and utilities, and turn the land over to private developers.
An increase in the percentage and in the number of people living in urban settlements.
In the United States, a central city plus its contiguous built-up suburbs.
The proportion of a country's population living in cities.
Zone in transition
An area of mixed commercial and residential land uses surrounding the Central Business District.
A law that limits the permitted uses of land and maximum density of development in a community.
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