all messages that people exchange beyond the words themselves
the study of communication through the body and its movements
the study of how the face communicates
the study of the eyes as a receiver and conveyer of communication
the study of the movements of the body, such as gestures, that can give clues about a person's status, mood, cultural affiliations, and self-perceptions
cultural-specific nonverbal acts that have a direct verbal translation or dictionary definition consisting of one or two words (e.g., the Euro-American A-OK sign)
the study of the use of touch as communication
the study of posture and the way a person walks and stands as a means of communication
the study of those things that adorn the body and send messages to others about us as well as our selection of these items (e.g., clothing, jewelry, etc.)
the study of what height, weight, and skin color communicate about an individual
the study of how people use and perceive their social and personal space
the study of how vocal quality (rate, volume, pitch, pause, and stress) communicate nonverbally to the listening ear
the study of time as a communication tool
the study of smell as a communicator
the study of communication of a message or mood through color or music
the study of how taste communicates
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