22 terms

Holt Social Studies World Geography TN Edition Vocabulary (Chapter 3: Climate, Environment, and Resources)

STUDY
PLAY
weather
the short-term changes in the air for a given place and time
climate
a region's average weather conditions over a long period
prevailing winds
winds that blow in the same direction over large areas of Earth
ocean currents
large streams of surface seawater
front
a place where two air masses of different temperature or moisture content meet
monsoon
winds that shift direction with the seasons and create wet and dry periods
savanna
an area of tall grasses and scattered trees and shrubs
steppe
a semi-dry grassland or prairie
permafrost
permanently frozen layers of soil
environment
a plant or animal's surroundings
ecosystem
any place where plants and animals depend upon each other and their environment for survival
habitat
the place where a plant or animal lives
extinct
to die out completely
humus
decayed plant or animal matter
deforestation
the slow precess of losing soil fertility and plant life
natural resource
any material in nature that people use and value
renewable resources
resources that can be replaced naturally
nonrenewable resources
resources that cannot be replaced
deforestation
the loss of forestland
reforestation
planting trees to replace lost forestland
fossil fuels
nonrenewable resources formed from the remains of ancient plants and animals
hydroelectric power
the production of electricity by moving water