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information systems 1800 final mim duncan
a comprehensive review
Terms in this set (91)
The 4 major data processing functions of a computer
include input and output, processing and data storage. The user inputs the information and the computer processes a response as output. The data can then be deleted or stored in the computer.
The set of programs on a computer that helps a user carry out tasks such as word processing, sending e-mail, balancing a budget, creating presentations, editing photos, taking an online course, and playing games.
The process of discovering patterns and relationships in large amounts of data
Grayed out options
in word when you are not allowed a feature it is ---------- out
is the location in a computer operating system such as Microsoft Windows that stores information that has been cut or copied from a document or other location. The clipboard will hold this information until it has been overwritten by new information. For example, a user may copy information from a word processor and paste that information into an e-mail message
- is the criminally fraudulent process of attempting to acquire sensitive information such as usernames, passwords and credit card details by masquerading as a trustworthy entity in an electronic communication
boot restarting the system while it's powered on.
Open source software
Program code made publicly available for free; it can be copied, distributed, or changed without the stringent copyright protections of proprietary software products.
Violating a software license agreement by copying an application onto more computers than the license agreement permits.
Binary number system
A system in which numbers are represented using only the digits 0 and 1
A ---------- is another word for character; generally represented by 8 bits.
The part of the system unit of a computer that is responsible for data processing (the "brains" of the computer); it is the largest and most important chip in the computer. The CPU controls all the functions performed by the computer's other components and processes all the commands issued to it by software instructions.
The computer's temporary storage space or short-term memory. It is located in a set of chips on the system unit's motherboard, and its capacity is measured in megabytes or gigabytes
A set of memory chips, located on the motherboard, which stores data and instructions that cannot be changed or erased; it holds all the instructions the computer needs to start up.
A collection of data stored in one unit, identified by a filename. It can be a document, picture, audio or video stream, data library, application, or other collection of data.
A location on disk where you can store files.
File Compression utility
A program that takes out redundancies in a file to reduce the file size.
moving a file
Right-click a file -- Drag it to a new location -- Select Move, Copy or Cancel.
unwanted e-mail (usually of a commercial nature sent out in bulk)
Is a supplementary application that can be used to manipulate text into shapes. For instance, you can make a phrase or sentence form a circle.
A boxed outline on a slide that can be used to insert text or an object when clicked
A set of coordinated colors, fonts, and effects that can be applied to Office 2007 documents.
A visual or sound effect added to an object or text on a slide.
A special effect that marks how one slide moves off and the next slide moves onto the screen.
A system of instructions & data executed directly by a computer's CPU.
A version of the software that is still under development. Many ---------- are available for a limited trial period, and are used to help the developers correct any errors before they launch the software on the market.
A combination of an operating system and a processor. The two most common types are the PC and the Apple Macintosh
up is on down is off
A line, or lines, of content in the top margin area of a page in a document, that typically contain elements such as the title, page number, or name of the author.
Allows you to type information below the bottom margin of each page of a document
How the edges of a line, paragraph, object, or table are positioned horizontally and vertically between the margins or on a page
A document showing all the sources used to research information.
A portion of a document that is separate from the rest of the document by ------------- breaks.
Location on the horizontal ruler that tells Word where to position the insertion point when you press ------------
Manuel line break
A paragraph mark created by pressing the Enter key.
Notes at the bottom of a paper acknowledging sources or providing additional references or information.
Explanatory comments or references that appear at the end of a Microsoft Word 2010 document are known as:
web-based tools that make it easy for users to add, remove, and change online content
A Web log, which is a journal or newsletter that is updated frequently and published online.
A program used to view Web pages.
A location or address identifying where documents can be found on the Internet; a Web address
The amount of data that can be transmitted over a network in a given amount of time.
are the parts of the code that specify formatting for all elements in the document.
the universally recommended way to organize tags on a Web page, where the first tag used in the last tag closed and the most recent tag used in the first tag closed.
A worksheet where totals from other worksheets are displayed and summarized is a:
A --------------instructs the software to perform a calculation
1. A relationship from one set (called the domain) to another set (called the range) that assigns to each element of the domain exactly one element of the range. 2. The action or actions that an item is designed to perform.
order of operations
the order in which operations in an expression to be evaluated are carried out. 1. parentheses 2. exponets 3. multiplication and divison 4. addition and subtraction
A selected worksheet cell that is ready for data entry
Tabs that appear at the bottom of the workbook window, which display the name of each worksheet.
you can group worksheets to work on them as a collection so that data entered into one worksheet is automatically entered into all of the selected worksheets; hold shift to select multiple sheets
A cell reference that does not change when a formula is copied to a new location.
lets you copy cells contents or contiomoue
graph depicting qualitative data as slices of pie, slices are proportional
A list that identifies patterns, symbols, or colors used in a chart.
A what-if analysis tool that finds the input needed in one cell to arrive at the desired result in another cell
A value, cell reference, or text used in an Excel Function. Commas or a colon separate arguments and parentheses enclose them.
The equal payments needed to repay a long, at a fixed interest rate, in a specified number of periods. (rate,nper,pmt,fv,type)
The financial function to calculate the future value of an investment or loan
Functions that display text or values if certain conditions exist.
A separate sheet in a workbook that stores a chart.
A chart is inserted in the center of the worksheet.
number of your computer and or item
(computer science) a set of one or more adjacent characters comprising a unit of information
A collection of fields that appear as a row in a database or table.
The view of a table that lets you add, delete, and rearange fields. You can also use desgin view yo make changes to the way that fields store data.
A field (or group of fields) that uniquely identifies a given entity in a table
Symbols used in search criteria. (>, <, =, >=, <=, <>)
A data type that automatically adds a unique field value to each record in a table
A database object which enables you to locate multiple records matching specified criteria
A condition that data must meet to be selected.
most common implementation. Allows data to be viewed in dynamic ways based on the user's or administrator's needs. Example SQL
Prevents conflicting Data between two tables by enforcing a relationship.
biometric authentication devices
uses personal physical characteristics such as fingerprints, facial features, and retinal scans to authenticate users
Text files that are put on a web-site visitor's hard disk and then later retrieved during subsequent visits to the
A criminal act that is committed through the use of a computer, like getting into someone else's system and changing information or creating a computer virus and causing it to damage information on others' computers. It can also involve the theft of a computer and any equipment associated with the computer.
Those who break into computer systems with the intention of doing damage or committing a crime.
People very knowledgeable about computers who use their knowledge to invade other people's computers.
refers to the buying and selling of products or services over electronic systems such as the Internet
Business to Business
Consumer to Consumer
Business to Consumer
strategy which questions whether virtual electronic business can be combined with physical operations or kept separate
boot-powering on your computer from a completely turned off state
A destructive computer program that bores its way through a computer's files or through a computer's network.
LAN (Local Area Network) is a computer network covering a small geographic area, like a home, office, school, or group of building
WAN (Wide Area Network) is a computer network that covers a broad area (e.g., any network whose communications links cross metropolitan, regional, or national boundaries over a long distance)
The Internet is a massive network of networks, a networking infrastructure. It connects millions of computers together globally, forming a network in which any computer can communicate with any other computer as long as they are both connected to the Internet. Information that travels over the Internet does so via a variety of languages known as protocols.
The World Wide Web, or simply Web, is a way of accessing information over the medium of the Internet. It is an information-sharing model that is built on top of the Internet. The Web uses the HTTP protocol, only one of the languages spoken over the Internet, to transmit data.
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