35 terms

Strayer Unit 4

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Cortes
Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico (1485-1547)
the great dying
The massive epidemic caused by Old World diseases (zoonoses) after Columbian Exchange. It killed around 90% of the Native American (it also happened in parts of Asia and the Polynesian Islands).
dona marina
Aztec woman who became an interpreter for Hernando Cortes during his conquest of the Aztec empire.
columbian exchange
An exchange of goods, ideas and skills from the Old World (Europe, Asia and Africa) to the New World (North and South America) and vice versa.
mestizo
A person of mixed racial ancestry (especially mixed European and Native American ancestry)
North american revolution
Successful rebellion conducted by the colonists of parts of North America against British rule; a conservative revolution whose success assured property rights but established republican government in place of monarchy
french revolution
A major change in government that began in 1789; it brought an end to the absolute monarchy and a start to a representative government
Napoleon
. Overthrew French Directory in 1799 and became emperor of the French in 1804. Failed to defeat Great Britain and abdicated in 1814. Returned to power briefly in 1815 but was defeated and died in exile. (p. 591)
abolitionist movement
An international movement that between approximately 1780 and 1890 succeeded in condemning slavery as morally repugnant and abolishing it in much of the world; the movement was especially prominent in Britain and the United States.
nationalism
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
Elizabeth cady stanton
(1815-1902) A suffragette who, with Lucretia Mott, organized the first convention on women's rights, held in Seneca Falls, New York in 1848. Issued the Declaration of Sentiments which declared men and women to be equal and demanded the right to vote for women. Co-founded the National Women's Suffrage Association with Susan B. Anthony in 1869.
maternal feminism
Movement that claimed that women have value in society not because of an abstract notion of equality but because women have a distinctive and vital role as mothers; its exponents argued that women have the right to intervene in civil and political life because of their duty to watch over the future of their children.
kartini
Princess Kartini
spanish american revolution protestant revolution
Forced by the dread of social rebellion from the lower classes. Lasted twice as long as it did in North America. Unable to completely unify after revolution.
catholic counter revolution
-Council of Trent - first meeting that was really successful in nailing down what the church doctrine really wa
jesuits in china
recorded the court life and successes of Qing government, Series of Jesuit missionaries in the late 16th and 17th centuries who, inspired by the work of Matteo Ricci, made extraordinary efforts to understand and become a part of the Chinese culture in their efforts to convert the Chinese elites, although with limited success.
sikhism
A 14th Century religion founded by a Hindu guru, Sikhs (means "learner") are monotheists that follow a religion that has elements of both Hinduism and Islam. Most Sikhs are found in India. Sikhism is open to new followers, so it is one looking for new members.
newton
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerate 1 kilogram of mass at 1 meter per second per second.
copernicus
1473-1543. Polish astronomer who was the first to formulate a scientifically based heliocentric cosmology that displaced the earth from the center of the universe. This theory is considered the epiphany that began the Scientific Revolution.
solitaire
Also called patience. any of various games played by one person with one or more regular 52-card packs, part or all of which are usually dealt out according to a given pattern, the object being to arrange the cards in a predetermined manner
mirabia
A word that describes islamic practices
kaozheng
...
european enlightenment
European intellectual movement of the eighteenth century that applied the lessons of the Scientific Revolution to human affairs and was noted for its commitment to open-mindedness and inquiry and the belief that knowledge could transform human society.
wahabi Islam
An islamic branch which is more focused heavily on the Quran as opposed to scholarship(branch of sunnis)
Taki Onqoy
"dancing sickness" a religious revival movement in central Peru in the 1560's whose members preached the imminent destruction of Christianity and of the Europeans in favor of a renewed Andean golden age.
Ursula de jesus
She was an Afro-Peruvian slave and Christian ideal. She became a non-slave religious servant in the Roman Catholic Church. In her lifetime, she was notable for her mystical visions and her claims of communicating with the souls of those who died and went to hell. She sought a life of religious spirituality. She sold her beautiful clothes, devoted every spare moment to prayer.
Concordet
1743-1794 France; His Sketch of the Progress of the Human Mind was an argument for constitutionalism and women's rights as the next logical step in the progress of civilization.
declaration of rights of man
French Revolution document that outlined what the National Assembly considered to be the natural rights of all people and the rights that they possessed as citizens
vindication of rights of women
work written by feminist Mary Wollstonecraft published in the US in 1792 that argued for women's rights
mulattoes
In colonial Latin America, Spanish/African who were denied basic political, economic, and social rights due to their mixed heritage.
Siberia
The extreme northeastern sector of Asia, including the Kamchatka Peninsula and the present Russian coast of the Arctic Ocean, the Bering Strait, and the Sea of Okhotsk.
yasak
Tribute that Russian rulers demanded from the native peoples of Siberia, most often in the form of furs.
Qing dynasty
(1644-1911 CE), the last imperial dynasty of China which was overthrown by revolutionaries; was ruled by the Manchu people: began to isolate themselves from Western culture,
Ottoman empire
Centered in Constantinople, the Turkish imperial state that conquered large amounts of land in the Middle East, North Africa, and the Balkans, and fell after World War I.
akbar
..., Most illustrious sultan of the Mughal Empire in India (r. 1556-1605). He expanded the empire and pursued a policy of conciliation with Hindus.