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Common Combining Forms Ch. 1

C: Colors S: Substances O/S: Organs/Structures G: General
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cyan/o
blue
(C)
erythr/o
red
(C)
leuk/o
white
(C)
melan/o
black
(C)
aer/o
air, gas
(S)
hem/o, hemat/o
blood
(S)
hydr/o
water
(S)
lip/o
fat
(S)
py/o
pus
(S)
ur/o, urin/o
urine
(S)
abdomin/o, lapar/o
abdomen
(O/S)
acr/o
extremity or topmost
(O/S)
aden/o
gland
(O/S)
angi/o, vas/o, vascul/o
vessel
(O/S)
arthr/o
joint
(O/S)
cardi/o
heart
(O/S)
cephal/o
head
(O/S)
col/o, colon/o
colon
(O/S)
cyt/o
cell
(O/S)
derm/o, dermat/o, cutane/o
skin
(O/S)
enter/o
small intestine
(O/S)
esophag/o
esophagus
(O/S)
gastr/o
stomach
(O/S)
hepat/o
liver
(O/S)
hist/o
tissue
(O/S)
my/o, muscul/o
muscle
(O/S)
nas/o, rhin/o
nose
(O/S)
nephr/o, ren/o
kidney
(O/S)
neur/o
nerve
(O/S)
or/o
mouth
(O/S)
oste/o
bone
(O/S)
pneum/o, pneumon/o
air or lung
(O/S)
carcin/o
cancer
(G)
crin/o
to secrete
(G)
esthesi/o
sensation
(G)
fibr/o
fiber
(G)
gen/o
origin or production
(G)
gynec/o
woman
(G)
lith/o
stone
(G)
morph/o
form
(G)
necr/o
death
(G)
onc/o
tumor or mass
(G)
orth/o
straight, normal, or correct
(G)
path/o
disease
(G)
ped/o
child or foot
(G)
phag/o
eat or swallow
(G)
phas/o
speech
(G)
phob/o
exaggerated fear or sensitivity
(G)
plas/o
formation
(G)
psych/o
mind
(G)
scler/o
hard
(G)
son/o
sound
(G)
sten/o
narrow
(G)
therm/o
heat
(G)
tox/o, toxic/o
poison
(G)
troph/o
nourishment or development
(G)