raised the compulsory school age to 18.National Curriculum was imposed to 18 years of age with as requirement English, Math, Science, Design, and Technology, Information Technology, history, geography, modern foreign language, music, art, phys ed, citizenship, religious education. required core subjects: English, math, science, design and technology, information technology, history, geography, modern foreign language, music, art, phys ed, citizenship, religious education. In the 19th and early 20th century, Europeans conquered most of Africa.
Early in the colonial period, missionaries set up schools to teach Christianity.
Colonial governments also set up schools modeled on the mother country's system of education. Their purpose was to teach the mother country's language and fill lower posts in colonial administrations, and to develop acceptance of European law.
--Many Africans saw this as an attempt to keep the population in their places and sought the education of the Western elite, some going abroad to receive training.
--Those few Africans who moved up the colonial education ladder often adopted European views and worked for colonial administrations, and were often alienated from their own cultures and traditions.
---With independence, some of these European-educated Africans became postcolonial leaders, however, their proposals were often greeted with skepticism by the people.
--Whether the colonial power was French, British, or other European has an impact on the education system of the former colony.
---Most postcolonial countries today must make choices between rapid expansion of mass education with lower quality versus higher-quality education for fewer citizens. For many citizens who see little advantage from education in their lives, interest in education is waning.
---In order to create relevant education systems, many former African colonies are combining Western models with African traditions to meet local needs.
---Every society shares a set of common institutions: family, education, religion, politics, economics, and health systems.
----As the world shrinks with the aid of technology, these institutions become more similar.
---A rough separation divides the northern and southern hemispheres, with the southern-hemisphere countries being part of the developing world saddled with legacies of colonialism, debt to wealthier countries, and problems of disease, hunger, population expansion, and illiteracy.