Terms in this set (125)
By the mid-1840s, the American West
B.was extensively populated.
During the 1840s, Hispanics living in California
A. lost ownership of large areas of lands.
During the nineteenth century, in the Far West the term "coolie"
E. referred to Chinese indentured servants.
In the 1870s, in the Far West the largest single Chinese community was located in
E. San Francisco
Chinese tongs were
A. secret societies.
The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882
A. resulted in the deportation of half of the Chinese in the United States.
Mining in the west
E. produced the region's first economic boom.
Women in nineteenth-century western mining towns
C. often found work doing domestic tasks.
The town which reigned as the railhead of the cattle kingdom for many years was
B. Abilene, Kansas.
William Cody's Wild West shows
B. proved to be popular in Europe as well as the United States.
In "The Significance of the Frontier in American History," Frederick Jackson Turner claimed
A. the frontier had made Americans a distinctive people.
The decimation of American buffalo herds in the late nineteenth century
destroyed the ability of Plains Indians to resist the advance of white settlers.
was accelerated by Indian tribes who killed large numbers of buffalo to sell to white Americans.
happened almost entirely in the space of a single decade.
happened almost entirely in the space of a single decade, destroying the ability of Plains Indians to resist the advance of white settlers.
The Sand Creek Massacre of 1864
involved the killing of Indian women and children
In 1890, the "Ghost Dance"
was a spiritual revival among Plains Indians.
The Dawes Act of 1887
C. was viewed by the United States government as a plan to save the Indians
Prior to the Civil War, the steel industry in the United States
E. barely developed at all.
The open-hearth process of making steel
D. made the production of large dimension pieces possible.
The first significant oil production in the United States occurred in
Orville and Wilbur Wright's first successful airplane flight in 1903
took place near Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.
lasted just over one minute.
did not in fact take off by itself.
took place near Kitty Hawk, North Carolina and did not in fact take off by itself
In the early twentieth century, a principle goal of "Taylorism" was to
E. organize industrial production into many simple tasks.
In 1929, the base price of a Ford Model T was
The business structure of Carnegie Steel was a good example of
A. vertical integration.
The business structure of Standard Oil was a good example of
E. vertical and horizontal integration.
The social theory of Social Darwinism
D. promoted the idea that capitalism offered all people a chance for great wealth.
In his books, Horatio Alger
C. emphasized the value of personal character in business.
During the 1870s and 1880s, most of the immigrants to the United States came from
Great Britain and northern Europe.
Until its repeal in 1885, the Labor Contract Law
put many debt to American new immigrants in businessmen.
The Molly Maguires were a militant
E. labor union in the coal industry.
The Haymarket Square Riot of 1886
resulted in the conviction and execution of several anarchists.
In what industry did the Homestead strike of 1892 occur?
The largest number of immigrants to the United States in the late nineteenth century came from
southern and eastern Europe.
In the late nineteenth century, immigrants in the United States
D. generally lacked the capital to buy farmland.
Compared with the first generation, second generation immigrants were more likely to
break from their traditional culture.
In the late nineteenth century, the assimilation of immigrants was encouraged by
A. the sale of American products.
B. public education.
C. church leaders.
D. religious reform.
In 1894, the Immigration Restriction League
proposed screening immigrants to allow only the "desirable" ones to enter.
Tenement buildings in urban America were
initially praised as an improvement in housing for the poor.
In the late nineteenth century, political "machines" in cities owed their existence to
the rapid growth of urban America
In the late nineteenth century, the Tammany Hall political machine
saw its most famous boss, William M. Tweed, sent to prison.
At the end of the nineteenth century, most Americans viewed leisure time
E. as being desirable
The nineteenth-century game of "rounders" became the modern sport of
At the turn of the twentieth century, motion pictures
had been invented by D. W. Griffith.
B. were the first true mass entertainment medium.
C. operated under strict morality codes.
D. both were the first true mass entertainment medium, and operated under strict morality codes.
Which American writer would be LEAST associated with the trend toward social realism in literature
Charles Darwin's theories of evolution met initial resistance from
In the late nineteenth century, American universities
significantly grew in number due to the Morrill Land Grant.
B. had a strong commitment to practical knowledge.
C. began to form relationships with the private sector and the government.
During the late nineteenth century, college education for American women
had expanded significantly.
The high degree of party loyalty in the late nineteenth century is explained primarily by
E. a voter's regional background.
In the late nineteenth century, Democrats tended to attract the greater numbers of
Throughout the late nineteenth century, the federal government
E. was relatively inactive.
The political battles between Stalwarts and Half-Breeds constituted a fight
between traditionalists and reformers.
James A. Garfield
C. was assassinated by an unsuccessful office seeker.
Chester A. Arthur
supported the Pendleton Act as part of civil service reform.
Samuel Burchard's "rum, Romanism, and rebellion" speech during the election of 1884 most hurt
E. James G. Blaine.
The Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890
was used by the federal government against labor unions.
As a result of the McKinley Tariff of 1890,
E. Republicans suffered significant political losses that year
The Interstate Commerce Act of 1887
A. put in place a series of regulations for railroad companies.
B. had little practical effect for decades.
C. created a five-person commission to oversee the act.
D. both created a five-person commission to oversee the act, and had little practical effect for decades.
Compared to the Grange movement, The Farmers' Alliances
were far more widespread.
In the 1890s, Populism appealed to
C. small-scale farmers
The Panic of 1893
triggered the nation's most severe depression up to that point.
The economic decline that followed the Panic of 1893 demonstrated
the degree to which the American economy had become interconnected.
In 1873, the congressional law that officially discontinued silver coinage
became known to critics as the "Crime of `73."
The Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890 called for the federal government to
purchase and coin silver.
The "Cross of Gold" speech was given in 1896 by
D. William Jennings Bryan.
The author of The Influence of Sea Power upon History believed the United States
should take possession of the Hawaiian Islands.
Prior to its annexation by the United States in 1898, Hawaii
D. had little contact with the United States
The leader of Hawaii who was forced to yield authority to the American government upon annexation was
D. Queen Liliuokalani.
The Spanish-American War began primarily because of events in
In the late nineteenth century, the term "yellow press" referred to
All these answers are correct.
In reporting the sinking of the Maine, the New York Journal and the New York World
immediately asserted that Cuban rebels had sunk the battleship.
In 1898, a letter stolen from Dupuy de Lôme, Spain's minister to Washington, was controversial because it
described William McKinley as a weak president
Criticism within the United States of American colonialism included all the following EXCEPT
the financial costs of administering colonies would require burdensome taxes.
In 1899, those who favored the annexation of the Philippines argued
they were interested in greater trade with Asian countries.
B. the United States was already in possession of it.
C. that it would bring partisan advantage to the Republican Party.
D. both that the United States was already in possession of it, and that it would bring partisan advantage to the Republican Party.
In 1899, supporters of the annexation of the Philippines argued the United States had set a precedent for taking land while treating its inhabitants as dependents in the case of
the federal government's treatment of American Indians.
The 1901 Platt Amendment was directed at
Beginning in 1898, the American war in the Philippines
lasted for years and resulted in thousands of American deaths.
The "Open Door notes"
were directed to imperial powers in Europe and Asia.
In 1900, the Chinese Boxer Rebellion was directed at
all foreigners in China.
The Spanish-American War revealed to American military planners
the need to improve glaring deficiencies in the army.
The term "muckrakers" referred to
At the turn of the twentieth century, Lincoln Steffens wrote extensively of the need to reform
urban political organizations
The settlement house movement of the early twentieth century helped spawn the profession of
D. social work.
Alice Paul and the National Women's Party
None of these answers is correct.
Prior to the adoption of the secret ballot, voter ballots were printed and distributed by
the political parties.
During the Progressive Era, one of the first targets for political reformers was
The initiative and referendum were Progressive Era political reforms designed to weaken the power of
D. state legislatures.
As governor of Wisconsin, the progressive reformer Robert La Follette helped win approval for
E. the direct primary, initiative, and referendum.
In the aftermath of the 1911 Triangle Shirtwaist fire in New York City,
D. strict regulations were imposed on factory owners.
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
None of these answers is correct.
The temperance crusade
was supported by most business employers.
World War I hurt the socialist movement in the United States
because the war generated anti-radical feelings in the
In regards to his political ideology, Theodore Roosevelt was
in many respects, decidedly conservative
During Theodore Roosevelt's first three years as president,
he made the breaking up of business combinations his highest priority.
In the early twentieth century, the theories of eugenics
E. supported the restriction of immigration by nationality.
All of the following legislation was passed during Theodore Roosevelt's administration EXCEPT
E. the Interstate Commerce Act.
When it came to environmental issues, Theodore Roosevelt
helped establish the federal government's role in managing the nation's wilderness.
B. was the first American president to take an active interest in environmental conservation.
C. restricted private development on millions of acres of undeveloped government land.
D. both was the first American president to take an active interest in environmental conservation and helped establish the federal government's role in managing the nation's wilderness.
The first director of the National Forest Service was
In 1908, Theodore Roosevelt did not run for another term as president because
in 1904 he had promised not to run again
As president, William Howard Taft
E. None of these answers is correct.
In 1910, in Osawatomie, Kansas, Theodore Roosevelt announced a set of political principles that called for
greater activism by the federal government.
In the 1912 presidential election results,
E. Woodrow Wilson won only a plurality of the popular vote.
As president, Woodrow Wilson
more tightly consolidated executive power than had Theodore Roosevelt.
The 1913 Underwood-Simmons Tariff
was intended to weaken the power of business trusts.
The Federal Reserve Act
created a new type of paper currency.
The 1916 Keating-Owen Act was the first federal law regulating
President Theodore Roosevelt defined "civilized" and "uncivilized" nations on the basis of
both race and economic development.
The 1904 "Roosevelt Corollary"
D. stated that the U.S. had a right to intervene in the affairs of neighboring countries.
Dollar Diplomacy" is to be associated primarily with the administration of
William Howard Taft.
The diplomatic efforts by President Woodrow Wilson towards Latin America
D. were similar to those of Theodore Roosevelt and William Howard Taft.
In his dealings with Pancho Villa, President Woodrow Wilson
ordered a military expedition into Mexico to capture Villa.
In 1914, the "Triple Entente" consisted of
D. Great Britain, France, Russia.
The immediate cause of war in Europe in 1914 was
E. the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
In 1914, when war erupted in Europe, President Woodrow Wilson
called on the American public to be completely impartial.
As a result of the sinking of the British passenger liner Lusitania,
Germany pledged to the United States it would not repeat such an action.
The so-called Zimmerman telegram
included a proposal for the return of the American Southwest to Mexico.
President Woodrow Wilson's request to Congress for a declaration of war
was nearly voted down in the Senate.
As the United States entered World War I,
Britain and France had few reserves of combat-age men.
During World War I, the United States military role in Europe
lasted only a few months but saw heavy American casualties.
The country that lost the greatest number of lives in World War I was
During World War I, the United States government primarily financed the war through
E. public bond sales and new taxes.
During World War I, the War Industries Board (WIB)
coordinated government purchases of military supplies.
In the United States during World War I, the Committee on Public Information (CPI)
became increasingly sensationalist in its information campaign.
President Woodrow Wilson's "Fourteen Points" included
an end to secret treaties.
In 1918, President Woodrow Wilson antagonized many Republicans
A. when he pushed for the election of Democrats to Congress.
B. when he refused to put prominent Republicans on the peace conference negotiating team.
C. when he tied support of his peace plans to the midterm elections.
D. both when he tied support of his peace plans to the midterm elections, and when he pushed for the election of Democrats to Congress.
E. All these answers are correct.
When President Woodrow Wilson presented the Treaty of Versailles to the Senate,
the American public clearly supported its ratification.
Immediately following World War I, the American economy
D. boomed for many months.
In 1919, the Red Scare in the United States
E. was partly motivated by a series of bombings.
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