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Human Geography Unit 2
Terms in this set (78)
An example of a country with a population pyramid that has a large base is...
The demographic transition model suggests that as countries industrialize...
birth and death rates decrease over time
The first stage of the demographic transition model indicates that...
total population is low and constant with high birth rates and high death rates
Which of the following is not a contributing factor to the low birth rates in stage four of the demographic transition model?
Reliance on subsistence agriculture
According to Thomas Malthus's population theory, which of the following is a preventative check on population?
Which of the following population control examples did Thomas Malthus support?
The upper class utilizing moral restraint to limit family size
Which of the following countries contains three megacities, the most of any nation?
China's one-child policy is an example of what theory?
Optimum population theory
Which of the following is not a result of overpopulation?
Low unemployment rates in Tokyo
Which of the following region has the highest rate of natural increase?
Arithmetic population density can be calculated by...
total population divided by total land area
In the United States suburbanization increased in the 1960s and resulted in which of the following?
Loss of tax base and increased poverty rates in city centers
Commercial farming led to what 20th-century population change in North America?
Which of the following cities is an example of urban primacy?
The population of developed nations can be described as having...
lower natural increase than underdeveloped countries
Between 1990 and 1999, population increased in the United States due primarily to which factor?
Food availability, which can control population size, is an example of a...
In general, which of the following is true about carrying capacity and population?
Above carrying capacity, population size decreases
In order for doubling time to be accurately predicted, which of the following assumptions must be true?
That the population growth rate is constant over a long period of time
The age-specific fertility rate among women in the United States from 1955 to 1995 indicates that...
women are having fewer children and starting families later in life
For an emigrant, war in his or her homeland is an example of a...
Baby booms are generally associated with...
periods of economic prosperity
The primary purpose of demographic data is to...
describe the characteristics of a population
A high dependency ratio suggests that a large percentage of the population is...
under 14 years old and over 65 years old
Which of the following is true regarding older populations in developed countries?
The majority of older people are women
Which of the following countries has the lowest life expectancy at birth?
The act of migrants sending money to family in their home country is termed...
Generation X, which is a group of individuals all born within a defined time interval, is an example of an...
Which of the following regions experiences the highest diffusion of fertility control?
A population continuing to grow following a fertility decline due to the large percentage of young people is known as...
Influenza is an example of which type of disease diffusion?
The term ecumenic refers to...
the amount of land that is built on and the amount of land not developed yet
Neo-Malthusian theory builds on Malthus's overpopulation theory by considering which two additional factors?
Population growth of underdeveloped countries and the outstripping of other resources beyond food
A nomadic tribe that migrates seasonally to follow the availability of plants and game is an example of...
The gravity model predicts
the movement of people, good and ideas between two locations based on size and distance
The seasonal migration of livestock between lowlands and mountains is termed
A husband migrates from Mexico to the United States and earns money to allow for his family to follow him to the United States. The is an example of
Which of the following is true regarding fertility differentials in the United States in 2000
Fertility rates are highest among low-income groups
To compensate for growing population, undeveloped countries have tried to raise crop yields by
planting genetically modified plants
Which regions have the fewest freshwater resources per capital
Middle East and North Africa
Which of the following countries has the least arable land per capita
The process where voting districts are spatially altered to favor one political party over another is known as
The Homestead Act of 1862, which governed the initial settlement of the Great Plains, resulted in which rural population spatial pattern
Factors that prevent a species from reproducing at its maximum rate are known as environmental
The maximum reproductive capacity of a population is known as...
Population distribution that is evenly spread over a landscape typically in low densities is called...
Gross national product per capita is the...
total value of produced goods and services of a country in one year divided by total number of people living in the country
A person, typically 20-35 years old, who leaves his or her home country to work in another country is known as a...
The rule of 70 refers to...
the approximate amount of time it takes for a population to double
Which of the following is an example of a choropleth map?
A birth-rate map that uses different colors to represent countries with varying birth rates
Malaria, which is present in many populations living in tropical or sub-tropical regions, is an example of an...
Which of the following is true regarding standard of living?
Standard of living can trace development of a country
A J-curve on a population graph indicates...
exponential population growth
Which of the following is true regarding least developed countries and most developed countries?
MDC have lower illiteracy rates than LDC
A factor that persuades an immigrant to settle en route to his or her planned destination is called an...
A country that has high development levels, innovation capacity, and a convergence of trade flows is known as a...
Panama is classified as a periphery country due to which of the following factors?
Panama is a least developed country and has a low GNP
Which of the following is not one of Ravenstein;s migration laws?
Most international migrants are young women
In 1997, Pakistan and the United Kingdom experienced the two-way nature of migration. Which of the following is true regarding that migration pattern?
More people migrated from Pakistan to the UK.
All of the following are examples of forced migration EXCEPT...
the California gold rush in the mid-19th century
The phenomenon where educated men aged 20-25 are more likely to migrate than other groups is an example of...
Which of the following is true regarding emigration?
Emigration reduces the pressure on land in overpopulated areas
The practice of harvesting crops twice a year, thus resulting in poor soil quality, is known as...
Several families living close together in multiple houses surrounded by farms is termed...
A refugee is defined as a person...
who was forced to leave his or her homeland due to war or violence
Which of the following is a consequence of zero population growth?
Reduced strain on available resources
Which of the following is not a contributing factor to the rising death rates in India?
Decreased government spending on health care
In a developed country, all of the following are likely to lower the rate of natural increase EXCEPT...
a high rate of immigration
All of the following are true of the total fertility rate equation EXCEPT...
TFR, like RNI, can be negative
In which area of the world would countries in stage one of the demographic transition model most likely be found?
Western and southern Africa
All of the following are arguments advanced by neo-Malthusians with regard to future world population growth EXCEPT...
Technological advancements will likely solve issues of food production and consumption
Which of the following might account for the triangle-shaped population graph of the city of Brownsville in southern Texas?
Large numbers of Mexican immigrants, causing the graph to be similar to that of Mexico
Migration in which people move to a series of increasingly more economically advantageous locations is referred to as...
All of the following are potential pull factors for immigration EXCEPT...
the high cost of land
Which of the following best describes the general direction that the population center of the United States has moved since 1790?
West and south
All of the following are true of physiologic density EXCEPT...
A country with a high physiologic density must also have a high arithmetic density
Chronic diseases are more common today than in the past in developed countries due to...
longer life expectancies
All of the following accurately reflect the attitudes of Thomas Malthus toward the poor EXCEPT...
A surplus population of poor people was necessary to provide a stable workforce.
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