Chapter 7 - Looking to the West
- vocab - nomad is not book definition
Terms in this set (35)
Events and conditions that either force (push) people to move elsewhere or strongly attract (pull) them to do so.
Pacific Railway Acts
Law passed in 1862 and 1864 giving large land grants to the Union Pacific and Central Pacific railroads.
Morrill Land-Grant Act
Passed by Congress in 1862, this law distributed millions of acres of western lands to state governments in order to fund state agricultural colleges.
Person who buys up large areas of land in the hope of selling them later for a profit.
1862 law that gave 160 acres of land to citizens who met certain conditions.
An African American who migrated to the West after the Civil War.
Vast grassland between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains.
A member of a people who have no permanent home but move about according to the seasons
Federal land set aside for Native Americans.
Battle of Little Bighorn
1876 Sioux victory over army troops led by George Custer.
A Native American purification ritual.
Massacre at Wounded Knee
1890 shooting of a group of unarmed Sioux by army troops.
Process by which people of one culture merge into and become part of another culture.
1887 law that divided reservation land into private family plots.
Settlers who ran in land races to claim land upon the 1889 opening of Indian Territory for settlement.
In 1889, people who illegally claimed land by sneaking past government officials before the land races began.
A mining technique in which miner shoveled loose dirt into boxes and then ran water over the dirt to separate it from gold or silver particles.
Moving of cattle from distant ranges to busy railroad centers that shipped the cattle to market.
One who farmed claims under the Homestead Act.
A homes whose walls and ruffs are made from blocks of grass with thick roots and earth attached.
Techniques used to raise crops in areas that receive little rain; water conservation techniques.
Farm controlled by large businesses, managed by professionals, and raising massive quantities of single cash crops.
1893 theory of Frederick Jackson Turner that claimed to frontier had payed a key role in the forming the American character.
An exaggerated or oversimplified description of reality held by a number of people.
Amount of money in the national economy.
A drop in the prices of goods.
The federal government's plan for the makeup and quantity of the nation's money supply.
Currency of the u.s. prior to 1873 which consisted of gold or silver coins as well as U.S. treasury notes that could be traded in for gold or silver
The unlimited coining of silver dollars.
1878 law that required the federal government to purchase and coin more silver, increasing the money supply and causing inflation.
Sherman Silver Purchase Act
Law passed by Congress in 1890 to increase the amount of silver the government was required to purchase every month.
Established in 1867, this organization helped farmers form cooperatives and pressured state legislators to regulate businesses on which farmers depended.
Interstate Commerce Act
1887 law passed to regulate railroad and other interstate businesses.
Follower of the People's Party (or Populist Party) formed in 1891 to advocate a larger money supply and other economic reforms
Cross of Gold Speech
William Jennings Bryan's 1896 address at the Democratic Convention; one of the most famous speeches in American history.
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