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Chapter 1

STUDY
PLAY
Human belings first appeared in
sub-Saharan Africa
From it very beginning, Western civilization benefited from crops and animals originating in
the Middle East
The earliest stage of human history is called the
Paleolithic Age
The defining elemetns of civilization in the Neolithic Periods include all of the following EXCEPT
Great stong settlements
During the Paleolithic Age, the basic lifestyle of human being was primarily
Hunting and Gathering
During the Paleolithic and Neolithic ages, human tools were made primarily of
Stone
The most important development of the Neolithic Age was
Agriculture
Agriculture was developed in
The Neolithic Age
The chielf rivers of ancient Mesopotamia were
the Tigris and the Euphrates
The earliest known civilization of Mesopotamia was
Sumer
Which of the following was NOT a characteristic of Sumerian life?
Nomadic wandering, taking care of flocks
Sumerian religion
Was noted for its pessimism
The conqueror that invaded Sumer in about 230 BC was
Sargon of Akkad
The great epic poem of ancient Sumer was
The Epic of Gilgamesh
The Summerian system of writing
Is called cuneiform
Hammurabi of Babylong was known for
His law code
Which is NOT true about Hammurabi's law code?
It provided for trial by jury.
What is apart of the Hammurabi's law code? (3)
1. It opens a window into our understanding of ancient daily life.
2. It prescribed different penalties for each of the three social orders in Babylon.
3. Its states purpose was to prevent the strong from oppressing the weak.
What were the characteristics of Sumerian life? (3)
1. Irrigated agriculture
2. Centralized administration
3. Temples with priests and priestesses
What were teh defining element of civilizaiton in the Neolithic period? (3)
1. Developed agriculture
2. Permanent settlements
3.Domesticated animals
The Indo-Europeans (3)
1. Provided the basis for almost all European languages
2. Often fought and moved on horseback
3. Established the Hittite kingodom in what is now modern Turkey
The earliest important Indo-European people in teh Near Eastern world were the
Hittites
The chief rier of Egypt is the
Nile
The Egyptian concept of truth, justice, and order was expressed by the Egyptian word
Ma'at
The term hieroglyphs refers to
The sacred writing of Egypt
The great pyramids of Egypt were
Part of the Egyptian belief in the afterlife
The Middle Kingdom of Egypt
Saw an end to the anarchy of the First Intermediate Period.
On some occasions, the rule of Egypt was a women. By far the most powerful of these was
Hatshepsut
Among the Hebrew beliefs that have ahd an important impact of Western Civilization was (3)
1. The creation of the world at a specific time
2. The concept of ethical monotheism
3. That history was a purposeful, morally significant event
The new metal that transofrmed ancient warfar after 1200 BC was
Iron
The great empire that dominated the Middle East through a comination of iron weapons and ruthless terror was the
Assyrian
The success of teh Assyrian empire was based on (3)
1. The use of iron weaponry and systematic brutality
2. Skilled administration and the spread of the Aramiac language
3. Skilled military engineers and a trained officer corps
The great ruler of the Neo-Babylonian Empire was
Nebuchadnezzar
The Persian Empire under Cyrus was held together by
An administrative system that curbed the abuse of power by officials
The great Persiand religous prophet was
Zoroaster
The text argues that the Persians adopted many things from older civilization, but the adoption that had the greatest long-term impact was
Coinage, a Lydian invention
In the Paleolithic Age, humans lived in small bands of about 30-40 people. T/F
True
The ancient Middle East had fewer domesticated grains and animals than the Americans. T/F
False
Sumerians viewed their gods as benign, predictables beings who always worked for their city's welfare. T/F
False
By 2800 BCE., a sophisticated writing system had been developed in Sumer. T/F
True
In the Epic of Gilgamesh, Gilgamesh triumphs over death. T/F
False
Hammurabi's law code included "eye for an eye' types of punishments. T/F
True
Indo-European peoples have been so labeled because their language is the basis for a great many European languages, such as German, Finnish, Hungarian, and Basque. T/F
False
Ma'at for ancient Egyptians meant a divinely ordered concept of truth and justice. T/F
True
The Great Pyramid was built in the New Kingdom by Amenhotep IV. T/F
False
Akhenaten was teh last powerful pharaoh of Egypt. T/F
False
The earliest period of human developemnt is the
Paleolithic Age
The period from 10,000 to 3000 BC is the
Neolithic Age
The most important development during the later Neolithic period was
Agriculture
The broad curve of land that stretched from teh Persiand Gulf to the sthorts of the Mediterranean is known as the
Fertile Crescent
The two major rivers of mesopotamis are the Tiris and the
Euphrates
The Akkadian ruler who invaded Sumer in about 2350 BC was
Sargon
The chief character of the great Sumerian epic poem was
Gilgamesh
_______meaning wedge-shaped, was the form of Sumerian writing
Cuneiiform
The famous Babylonian king noted for his code of laws was
Hammurabi
The _________ were the Indo-European people who established a kingdom in what is now Turkey, in about 1650 BCE.
Hittites
The major river in Egypt is the
Nile
The earliest period of Egyptian history is called the
Old Kingdom
The word _____ symbolized Egyptian ideas of truth, justice, and order
Ma'at
The sacred writing of Egypt is referred to as
Heiroglyphics
The great stone monuments of ancient Egypt are called the
Pyramids
In Egyptian chronology, the Old Kingodom collapsed ans was followed by an anarchic era called teh First iNtermediat Period, then by a revival of royal authority termed the
Middle Kingdom
The New Kingdom pharoah, Akhenaten
Introduced new ideas in art and religion
The major cities of Phoenicia were
Sidon, Tyre, and Byblos
The most important contribution of the phoenicians to Western Civilization was the
Alphabet
What is true about the Hebrews prior to the reign of Saul? (3)
1. Israelite texts claim several clans were enslaved by the Egyptians.
2.Early Israel was led by charismatic leaders known as judges, who heped unite them against the treats of their neighbors.
3. The Scriptures give a precise historical, rather than religious, record of the time.
After the death of Solomon
His kingdom split in two: the northern kingdom aof Israel and the southern kingdom of Judah.
In addition to preaching monotheism, the Jewish prophets also
Preached that religion was not merely ritural, but also ethical behavior.
The Hebrews invented the alphabet. T/F
False
The ancient Phoenicians sailed the Mediterranean from the near East to Spain, and even into the Atlantic. T/F
True
The great Temple of Jerusalem was erected by Solomon, David's successor. T/F
True
The Assyrians used skilled administrators as well as terror to maintain their empire. T/F
True
During the Neo-Babylonian era, Babylonian scholars rejected atronlogy as superstition. T/F
False
Ahura mazda was the great prophet of the Persian religion. T/F
False
Who was the great prophet of the Persian religion?
Zoroaster
The greatest Egyptian expansion occurred during the period called the _______
New Kingdom
Thomose II, of the New Kingdom, was succeeded by his queen, ________
Hatsheput
Amenhotep IV changed his name to _______ when he began to worship the solar disk are the sole god.
Akhenaten
The Phoenicians' great contribution to Western culture was the ________.
Alphabet
_______ king of Israel and successor of Saul, fixed his captial at Jerusalem.
David
After the death of Solomon, his kingdom split into two: a northern realm called Israel, adna southern realm called _______.
Judah
Around the 8th century BCE Jews were urged by the ______ to follow higher ethical standards.
Prophets
Around 1200 BCE, a new netal, ______, began to replace bronze as the basic metal for military weapons.
Iron
The Mesopotamian empire known both for it extensive use of iron weapons and its rule by terror was the _______ Empire.
Assyrian
A cultivated, scholarly Assyrian king who was nonetheless a brutal conqueror was _______.
Ashurbanipal
The most important rule of the Neo-Babylonian Empire was _________.
Nebuchadrezzar
The founder of the Persian Empire was ________.
Cyrus
The major religious prophet of Persia was ________.
Zoroaster