12 terms

Articles of Confederation and Constitutional Convention

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Voting Rights
White male adults were allowed to vote
Factions
represented shop owners and other city dwellers. represented small farmers
Ideals of Roman Empire
prominent roman leaders were idealized
Articles of Confederation
completed in 1777
had lots of weaknesses
Northwest Ordinance
Set up a government for the NorthWest Territory
Shays's Rebellion
Rebellion among small farmers in Western Massachusetts
Led by Daniel Shays
Constitutional Convention
Took place in Philidelphia
May 1787
Every state sent delegates except Rhode Island
55 men participated
Held to revise Articles of Confederation
Virginia Plan
called for a strong national government with three branches
Legislative branch, Executive branch and Judicial Branch
New Jersey Plan
Similar to Virginia Plan
regardless of states population would have one seat in the legislature
Great Compromise
Roger Sherman Thought of it
two house legislature
lower house-house of representatives be elected by popular vote
upperhouse-senate would be elected by state legislatures
no matter the size each state would have two senators
delegates approved Shermans plan on July 16th
Three-Fifths Compromise
southerners wanted to include slaves in the population count
if slaves were counted southern states would have more representatives in the house of representatives
agreed that three fifths of the slaves in any state would be counted
Slave Trade
delegates from northern states wanted slave trade banned in the entire nation
southerners said that this would ruin their economy
northerners agreed that congress could not outlaw the slave trade for at least 20 years after that congress could regulate the trade if they wished
Northerners also agreed that no stated could stop a fugitive slave from being returned to an owner who claimed the slave