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AP Small groups #1&2
Terms in this set (18)
Many first time mothers are often surprised to discover that during labor, the process seems to take longer than anticipated. Based on what you know about feedback control mechanisms, how might you explain the process of labor to put the mother's mind at ease?
Because of the nature of the control mechanisms governing labor, the process gradually builds overtime, becoming stronger as it proceeds
According to the syllabus for this class, which of the following statements is false?
Not using hints in quizzes and homeworks can result in a 2% bonus being awarded for each question, Should be only hw
Which of the following is an example of a decomposition reaction?
Digestion of fruit in the GI tract
Which of the following molecules below is necessary for cells to be able to create amino acids?
Transfer RNA, Messenger RNA, Ribosomal RNA, DNA
Complete the following analogy: anatomical position is to the body as ___
North is to a map
divides into uneven left and right portions (answer is none of the above)
T/F: Since it is required in such minute quantities, Iodine is considered a trace element
False, it is not a trace element in the body
T/F: Saying that the calcaneus is caudal to the patella is correct, just as saying that the lumbar vertebrae are caudal to the cervical vertebrae is correct
False, Caudal means something different when below the spine
What is the initial threat to life from a massive third degree burn?
Intact skin keeps fluid in body, but burns ruin that and decrease electrolytes
The innermost serous membrane covering the outside of the heart is the...
visceral = surface
parietal = cavity
The reaction sucrose + water -> glucose + fructose is an example of a(n)?
This reaction decomposes a larger molecule into a smaller one with the aid of water, so it is sometimes also referred to as a hydrolysis reaction. It releases energy.
Which of the following orientation terms have opposite meanings (in humans):
Distal and proximal
Distal means farther from the point of attachment of a limb to the trunk of the body and proximal means closer to the point of attachment of a limb to the body.
The main function of the respiratory system is:
supply the body with oxygen and remove carbon dioxide
Neurofibrillary tangles are a common finding in the brains of Alzheimer's patients. These tangles are associated with the disintergration of microtubules in neurons and are believed to be the primary cause of the disease. If neuronal microtubules collapse, what effect might this have on the neurons?
The cell would lose its shape and The cell could no longer transport substances from one end to another
T/F: In a victim of a car accident, paramedics would most likely suspect damage to the victim's bladdar rather than to his or her liver.
This is because the bladder is nestled deep within the pelvic cavity and protected from trauma, whereas the liver is relatively unshielded. Some protection is offered by the lower ribs, but in a car accident these ribs can fracture and lacerate the liver.
Carotene is often deposited in the stratum spinosum layer of the skin, lends a yellow - orange cast to people who consume a great deal of carrots
Carotene is deposited in the stratum corneum layer
Another name for decubitis ulcer is a hematoma
A decubitus ulcer is also known as a bed sore. A hematoma is an accumulation of extravasated blood within a tissue bed that has clotted Often the term is used to describe a bruise, though bruises technically refer to the discoloration caused by a specific type of hematoma that occurs in the skin. See page 118 in your text.
Malignant melanoma most commonly affects Caucasian individuals between the ages of 40 and 70 years of age. Why would this particular group of people be most affected by this disease?
Because they have less protective melanin, and are at an age when a great deal of UV - induced damage has accumulated.
As a general rule of thumb, risk of cancer increases with age, as it takes time for damage to accumulate within cells that can lead to cancer. Also, people with less protective melanin tend to be more at risk from melanoma; melanin forms a shield around cell nuclei in the epidermis, blocking harmful UV rays that cause mutations leading to cancer. For many years now, the highest increase in melanoma incidence around the world has occurred in Australia: Caucasian people living in an environment exposed to a great deal of sun.
This set is often in folders with...
AP CH 1: The Human Body: An Orientation
AP CH 2: Basic Chemistry
AP Ch 3: Cells and Tissues Part 1
AP Ch 3 Part 2
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