APHG Review Part One

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Terms in this set (...)

Which map projection is characterised by elongated poles?
Mercator
Which map projection is the weirdly shaped one?
Goode's
Which map projection is most commonly seen in schools?
Robinson
Which map projection is centred on one of the poles?
Azimuthal/Polar
A computer system that stores, organizes. retrieves, analyses, and displays geographic data
GIS
The forms superimposed on the physical environment by the activities of humans
Cultural Landscape
The spread of an idea or innovation from its source
Cultural Diffusion
Interactions between human societies and the physical environment
Cultural Ecology
A space-based global navigation satellite system
GPS
The physical environment, rather than social conditions, determines culture
Environmental Determinism
The small or large scale acquisition of information of an object or phenomenon, either in recording or real time
Remote Sensing
Which Doesn't Belong?
-Township and Range
-Clustered Rural Settlement
-Grid Street Pattern
Clustered Rural Settlement
Which Doesn't Belong?
-Site
-Situation
-Relative Location
Site
Which Doesn't Belong?
-Globalization
-Nationalism
-Foreign Investment
-Multinational Corporations
Nationalism
Which Doesn't Belong?
-Major Airport
-Grid Street Pattern
-Major Central Park
-Natural Harbour
-Public Sport Facility
Natural Harbour
Which Doesn't Belong?
-Westernisation
-Uniform Consumption Preferences
-Enhanced Communications
-Local Traditions
Local Traditions
Which Doesn't Belong?
-Time Zones
-China
-United States Railroads
-15 Degrees
China
An area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics
Uniform/Formal/Homogeneous Region
An area organised around anode or focal point
Nodal/Functional Region
An area that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity
Perceptual/Vernacular Region
The Demographic Transition Stage _ :
-Low Growth
-High CBR and CDR
-ZPG (Zero Population Growth)
-No More Countries in This Stage
1
The Demographic Transition Stage _ :
-High Growth
-After 1750
-CBR same
-CDR plummets
2
The Demographic Transition Stage _ :
-Moderate Growth
-CBR Declines for Cultural Reasons
-CDR Falls @ Slower Rate
3
The Demographic Transition Stage _ :
-CBR and CDR =
-ZPG
4
The ability of a resource base to sustain its population
Carrying Capacity
A population shift from urban to rural areas
Counterurbanisation
The number of working-age people compared to the number of people too old or too young to work
Dependency Ratio
Migration within a state
Internal Migration
Migration between states
External Migration
The difference between in-migration and out-migration
Net Migration
The process by which immigrants from a particular place follow others from that place to another place
Chain Migration
Flight of talented people away from an area
Brain Drain
CBR-CDR per thousand
Natural Increase Rate (NIR)
Number of children a woman is likely to have
Fertility Rate
Number of deaths under the age of 2 per thousand
Infant Mortality Rate (IMR)
Which is the Cause of the Other Two?
-Water
-Population Growth
-Agriculture
Water
Which is the Cause of the Other Two?
-Columbus Discovers America
-Crops Exchanged Between the West and East
-Millions of Native Americans Killed by Disease
Columbus Discovers America
Which is the Cause of the Other Two?
-One-Child Policy
-Poverty
-Overpopulation
Overpopulation
Which is the Cause of the Other Two?
-Poverty
-Drug Trafficking
-Guest Workers
Poverty
Which is the Cause of the Other Two?
-High Standard of Living
-Large Metropolitan Population
-Stage 3 of the Demographic Transition
Stage 3 of the Demographic Transition
Which is the Effect of the Other Two?
-Poverty
-War
-Migration
Migration
Which is the Effect of the Other Two?
-Racism
-Exclusion of Non-White Immigrants
-Quota Laws from the 1920s to the 1960s
Quota Laws from the 1920s to the 1960s
Which is the Effect of the Other Two?
-Young Age Structure
-Not Married
-High Level of Migration
High Level of Migration
Which is the Effect of the Other Two?
-Cold Weather
-Warm Coastal Waters
-Population Clusters Near the Equator and the Coast
Population Clusters Near the Equator and the Coast
Which is the Effect of the Other Two?
-Increased Trade
-Rich Natural Resources
-Population Cluster on the Coast
Increased Trade
What are the four regions where 2/3rds of the word's population is clustered?
East Asia,
Southeast Asia,
Europe,
South Asia
Which continents are commonly associated with high numbers of refugees in the early 21st century?
Africa, Asia
Buddhism:
-Mono/Polytheistic:
-Ethnic/Universalising:
-Hearth:
No God, Unversalising, India
Hinduism:
-Mono/Polytheistic:
-Ethnic/Universalising:
-Hearth:
Polytheistic, Ethnic, India
Islam:
-Mono/Polytheistic:
-Ethnic/Universalising:
-Hearth:
Monotheistic, Universalising, Mecca
Judaism:
-Mono/Polytheistic:
-Ethnic/Universalising:
-Hearth:
Monotheistic, Ethnic, Jerusalem
Mormonism:
-Mono/Polytheistic:
-Ethnic/Universalising:
-Hearth:
Monotheistic, Universalising, New York/Utah
Orthodox Christianity:
-Mono/Polytheistic:
-Ethnic/Universalising:
-Hearth:
Monotheistic, Universalising, Germany
Roman Catholicism:
-Mono/Polytheistic:
-Ethnic/Universalising:
-Hearth:
Monotheistic, Universalising, Rome
Fragmentation of a region into smaller units
Balkanization
A common language
Lingua Franca
An example of ethnic nationalism
Nunavut
An example of linguistic nationalism
Gaelic
An example of linguistic fragmentation
Scandinavian
An example of how religion can influence geography
Feng Shui
Minority branch of Islam but majority in Iraq and /Iran
Shiite
Cape Cod House:
-Region:
-Stories:
New England, 1
Salt Box House:
-Region:
-Stories:
New England, 2
Two-Chimney House:
-Region:
-Stories:
New England, 2
Front Gable and Wing House:
-Region:
-Stories:
New England, 2
Middle Atlantic:
-Shape:
-Sides:
-Stories
I, gables, 2
Lower Chesapeake/Tidewater House:
-Stories:
-Roof:
-Chimneys:
1, steep, 2 on each side
Minimal Traditional House:
-Decades:
-Facts:
40s-50s, small for young families and veterans
Ranch House:
-Decades:
-Facts:
50s-60s, long, parallel to street, encouraged urban sprawl
Split-Level:
-Decades:
-Facts:
50s-70s, living rooms downstairs and bedrooms above
Contemporary Style:
-Decades:
-Facts:
50s-70s, flat roofs
Shed Style:
-Decades:
-Facts:
60s, high pitched roofs
Mansard:
-Decades:
-Facts:
60s-70s, concave roof, 2 story
Neo-Tudor:
-Decades:
-Facts:
60s-70s, steep front gables
Neo-French:
-Decades:
-Facts:
60s-70s, round tops on doors and windows
Neo-Colonial:
-Decades:
-Facts:
60s-70s, one big room w/ bedroom divisions
Centripetal or Centrifugal Force?
-Uneven Development
Centrifugal
Centripetal or Centrifugal Force?
-Substate Nationalism
Centripetal
Centripetal or Centrifugal Force?
-Linguistic Homogeneity
Centripetal
Centripetal or Centrifugal Force?
-Strong Tradition of Local Governance
Centrifugal
Centripetal or Centrifugal Force?
-National Symbols
Centripetal
Centripetal or Centrifugal Force?
-Compact State
Centripetal
Centripetal or Centrifugal Force?
-Fragmented State
Centrifugal
Centripetal or Centrifugal Force?
-External Threats
Centrifugal
Folk or Pop. Culture?
-The Amish
Folk
Folk or Pop. Culture?
-Sports
Pop.
Folk or Pop. Culture?
-Small Scale
Folk
Folk or Pop. Culture?
-Large Scale
Pop.
Folk or Pop. Culture?
-Slow Change
Folk
Folk or Pop. Culture?
-Rapid Change
Pop.
Folk or Pop. Culture?
-Relocation Diffusion
Folk
Folk or Pop. Culture?
-Cultural Homogeneity
Pop.
Folk or Pop. Culture?
-Traditional Diet
Folk
Folk or Pop. Culture?
-McDonald's
Pop.
Folk or Pop. Culture?
-Blue Jeans
Pop.
Folk or Pop. Culture?
-Modern Communication
Pop.