Chapter 4-Assessment, Diagnosis, and Treatment
Terms in this set (31)
An effort to identify as many factors as possible that could be contributing to a child's problem behavior, thoughts, and feelings, and to develop hypotheses about which ones are the most important and/or most easily changed.
Behavioral Assessment (functional analysis of behavior)
The evaluation of the child's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors in specific settings. On the basis of this evolution, hypothesis are formulated about the nature of the problem and what can be done about it.
Best Practice Guidelines
systematically developed statements to assist practitioners and patients with decisions regarding appropriate treatments for specific clinical conditions
The diagnostic systems that are primarily based on informed professional consensus, which is an approach that has dominated and continues to dominate the field of child (and adult) psychopathology.
system for representing the major categories or dimensions of child psychopathology and the boundaries and relations among them
A process of differentiating, defining, and measuring the behaviors, cognitions, and emotions that are of concern, as well as the environmental circumstances that may be contributing to these problems.
A summary of unique behaviors, thoughts, and feelings that together make up the features of a given psychological disorder.
Cultural Compatibility Hypothesis
The hypothesis that treatment is likely to be more effective when compatible with the cultural patterns of the child and family.
a pattern of co-occurring, relatively invariant symptoms associated with a particular cultural group, community, or context
Information obtained from the parents about potentially significant historical milestones and events that might have a bearing on the child's current difficulties.
Tests used to assess infants and young children that are generally carried out for the purposes of screening, diagnosis, and evaluation of early development.
the identification of a disorder from an examination of the symptoms
an empirically based approach to the diagnosis and classification of child psychopathology that assumes that there are a number of independent dimensions or traits of behavior possessed by all children to varying degrees
Evidence Based Treatments (EBTs)
clearly specified treatments shown to be effective in controlled research with specific populations
Using a background questionnaire or interview, information is obtained from the parents regarding potentially significant developmental milestones and historical events that might have a bearing on the child's current difficulties.
Idiographic Case Formulation
An approach to case formulation or assessment that emphasizes the detailed representation of the individual child or family as a unique entity. This approach is in contrast to the nomothetic approach, which instead emphasizes the general laws that apply to all individuals.
A broad concept that encompasses many different theories and methods with a range of problem-solving strategies directed at helping the child and family adapt more effectively to their current and future circumstances.
Efforts to increase adherence to treatment over time in order to prevent a relapse or recurrence of a problem.
Multimethod Assessment Approach
A clinical assessment that emphasizes the importance of obtaining information from different informants, in a variety of settings, using a variety of procedures that include interviews, observations, questionnaires, and tests.
A form of assessment that attempts to link brain functioning with objective measures of behavior known to depend on an intact central nervous system.
An approach to case formulation or assessment that emphasizes general principles that apply to all people. This approach contrasts with the idiographic approach, which instead emphasizes a detailed representation of the individual or family as a unique entity.
activities directed at decreasing the chances that undesired future outcomes will occur
the prediction of the course or outcomes of a disorder
a form of assessment that presents the child with ambiguous stimuli, such as inkblots or pictures of people. the hypothesis is that the child will "project" his or her own personality onto the ambiguous stimuli of other people and things. Without being aware, the child discloses his or her unconscious thoughts and feelings to the clinician.
identification of subjects at risk for a specific negative outcome
Interviews that include specific questions designed to elicit information in a relatively consistent manner regardless of who is conducting the interview. The interview format usually ensures that the most important aspects of a particular disorder are covered.
A term used in DSM-5 to describe more homogeneous subgroups of individuals with the disorder who share particular features (e.g., age at onset, severity) and to communicate information that is relevant to treatment of the disorder (e.g., a co-occurring condition)
Behaviors that are the primary problems of concern.
A task or set of tasks given under standard conditions with the purpose of assessing some aspect of the subject's knowledge, skill, personality, or condition.
Corrective actions that will permit successful adaptation by eliminating or reducing the impact of an undesired outcome that has already occurred.
Treatment Planning and Evaluation
The process of using assessment information to generate a treatment plan and evaluate its effectiveness.
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