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American Red Cross Lifeguard Tests A
Terms in this set (75)
How can you best protect yourself from possible
bloodborne pathogen transmission when
d. Use personal protective equipment (PPE),
such as disposable gloves and a breathing
barrier, when providing care.
A 12-year-old boy at a swim meet grabs his chest
and begins to make wheezing noises. After you
obtain consent to provide care, his mother informs
you that he has a history of asthma, but does not
have his inhaler nearby. What care should
b. Summon more advanced medical personnel
and place the victim into a position that
While having a snack in the concession area, a
child suddenly clutches his throat with both hands.
You ask him if he is choking and he frantically nods
yes. You activate your facility's emergency action
plan (EAP). You identify yourself as a lifeguard and
obtain consent from the parents. What should you
d. Stand or kneel behind the victim and give
5 back blows and 5 abdominal thrusts.
You and another lifeguard find an unconscious
adult on the floor in the locker room. You activate
your facility's EAP, size-up the scene and perform
a primary assessment. You find the victim is not
moving or breathing, but has a pulse. You should
summon EMS personnel, then:
a. Give 1 rescue breath about every 5 seconds.
You come upon a scene where a patron appears to
be injured. Before approaching the victim, which of
the following will you not do as you size-up
c. Begin the primary assessment.
When providing care during an emergency, which
of the following should you do first?
c. Size-up the scene.
As the first lifeguard on the scene, you are
performing CPR on an adult. When performing
chest compressions, how deeply should you
compress the chest?
d. At least 2 inches
CPR should be performed on which of the
c. One who is in cardiac arrest
What is the first step of the Cardiac Chain
d. Early recognition and access to the emergency medical services (EMS) system
You are providing care to a victim having a heart
attack. Which of the following would you do first?
d. Summon EMS personnel.
Once you have turned on the automated external defibrillator (AED), you should:
a. Apply the pads and allow the AED to analyze
the heart rhythm.
To ensure effective chest compressions during
CPR, which of the following is most appropriate?
a. Allowing the chest to fully recoil
You are performing CPR on a victim and a second
lifeguard arrives. Which of the following is most
appropriate for the second lifeguard to do first?
c. Check to see whether EMS personnel have
Which of the following is most essential to use
when giving ventilations to protect you and the
victim from disease transmission?
a. CPR breathing barriers
You are providing care to a facility maintenance
worker who has fallen off the top of a ladder. The
victim is conscious. Which of the following should
you do first?
c. Obtain consent from the victim to
For which of the following should you summon
d. A victim with an open leg wound with the
You pull an unconscious adult from the water who is taking infrequent gasps. During the primary assessment you find that the victim has a pulse. What should you do next?
d. Give 2 initial ventilations.
If there is a risk of the AED pads touching each
other, such as with a small child or an infant, you should:
a. Place one pad in the middle of the chest and
the other on the back.
You have sized up the scene and determined
the scene is safe. When performing a primary
assessment, which of the following would you
a. Check for responsiveness
Which of the following statements about
bag-valve-mask resuscitators (BVMs) is
c. Two rescuers need to operate the BVM.
You are preparing to give ventilations to a
5-year-old boy using a resuscitation mask. You
should give 1 ventilation about every:
c. 3 seconds
When compressing a child's chest during CPR, you
should compress at a rate of at least how many
compressions per minute?
An AED has advised that a shock should be given.
Which of the following is appropriate?
d. Tell everyone to stand clear of the victim.
You are about to apply AED pads to a victim's chest
when you notice that the victim has several body
piercings with jewelry on his chest. Which of the
following should you do?
a. Apply the pads to the chest, making sure to
avoid the jewelry.
The cycle of chest compressions and ventilations in
two-rescuer CPR for an infant is:
b. 15 chest compressions and 2 ventilations.
You are positioned above the child's head and are using a resuscitation mask to give ventilations. After you position the mask, which of the following
should you do next?
d. Seal the mask.
You are providing care to a patron who started
choking on some food. The victim becomes
unconscious. Which of the following should you
b. Lower the victim carefully to the ground and
open his airway.
Where should you place your hands when giving
chest compressions to an infant during CPR?
c. One hand on the forehead and one hand on
When giving abdominal thrusts to an adult, where should you position your fist?
d. On the rib cage
When providing care to a conscious infant
who is choking, which of the following is
Positioning the infant so the head is lower than
A person has been injured and is conscious.
b. Obtain consent, check the victim for
life-threatening conditions and speak with
the victim to find out what happened.
The purpose of the secondary assessment is to:
b. Identify and care for conditions that are not
An injured patron is conscious and bleeding
severely. After summoning EMS personnel,
obtaining consent and putting on disposable
gloves, what is your next care step?
d. Press firmly against the wound with a sterile
dressing and bandage.
A way to remember the questions to ask when
taking a brief history is to use the acronym
SAMPLE. What does the A in SAMPLE stand for?
What is the first step you should take in caring for a victim with burns?
c. Remove the victim from the source of
If a victim is having a seizure in the water:
d. Support the victim with his or her head above
water until the seizure ends.
During a swim meet, the bleachers behind your
guard station suddenly collapse. As you check
the scene, you notice several people who appear
injured. Who should you approach first?
b. A man who appears unconscious.
When caring for musculoskeletal injuries, what
does RICE stand for?
a. Rest, immobilize, cold, elevate
Signs and symptoms of sudden illness do
c. Bruising or rigidness of the abdomen.
What does the C stand for in LOC?
You notice a patron that is swimming laps who
suddenly slips under water without a struggle and does not resurface. This person is probably:
b. A passive victim who needs help.
Primary responsibilities of a lifeguard include:
c. Inspecting the pool and rescue equipment
before the facility opens and paying close
attention to patrons in the water by actively
scanning the assigned area. b. Move the victim directly onto a backboard.
3. A man is unexpectedly pushed from behind and falls from the deck into the water and is in distress. After you activate the emergency action plan (EAP), what are included in your next steps.
d. Extend a rescue tube to him while remaining
on deck, then provide any additional care.
Which of the following is a primary responsibility of a lifeguard?
a. Enforcing facility rules and regulations and
educating patrons about them
5. For a head, neck or spinal injury in deep water:
a. Minimize movement of the victim's head and
neck using the head splint technique.
While scanning your zone, you notice a person
motionless in the water. The steps you follow
in a water emergency are performed in the
c. Activate the EAP, enter the water, perform an
appropriate rescue, move the victim to a safe
exit point, remove the victim from the water
and provide emergency care as needed.
7. While scanning the pool, you witness a patron
struggling while swimming and then go under
water. Which of the following applies?
a. You have duty to act and perform the
A lifeguard can no longer see some of the patrons at one side of the swimming area from his station because of glare from the afternoon sun. To maintain effective patron surveillance, the lifeguard should:
a. Adjust his position slightly to remove the glare
spot from his surveillance area.
A patron starts running on the deck. You blow your whistle to get her attention. Next, you enforce the rules and regulations by:
c. Telling her she could slip or fall and she must
walk on the deck.
When caring for a suspected head, neck or
spinal injury in water, proper manual in-line
b. Provided using the head splint technique.
Working with other lifeguards, facility staff and
supervisors as a team is:
b. One of the primary responsibilities of
You are a lifeguard on surveillance duty during a
busy family swim session. It is important to:
b. Scan all areas in your assigned zone of
coverage and carry your rescue tube with you
at all times.
13. A head, neck or spinal injury rarely happens:
a. In deep water at a supervised facility.
Which of the following is true about accidental
fecal releases (AFRs)?
c. Require water treatment, temporary pool
closure and immediate lifeguard attention.
You are lifeguarding during a family swim session when you notice a swimmer swimming full lengths of the pool under water. What should you do?
c. Immediately stop him from continuing the
activity and explain the dangers of the activity.
After removing a conscious victim you suspect has a spinal injury from the water, you should do all the following except:
c. Dry the victim off and apply the pads of
17. Two lifeguards are on surveillance duty during a public swim. You are on a break. One lifeguard activates the facility's EAP for a submerged passive victim and enters the water. Which steps should you take next to assist in the rescue?
b. Bring the backboard to the lifeguard and assist
in removing the victim from the water as the
other lifeguard clears the pool.
A lifeguard keeps an eye on the patrons of the pool, checking the bottom, middle and surface of the water. He is demonstrating:
b. Effective scanning.
A mother and her son walk over to you; she states that he fell on the pool deck and hit his head. You notice he has blood and fluid running from his ear and he is feeling dizzy. What steps should you take next?
d. Provide manual stabilization while the other
lifeguards prepare to backboard him.
The lifeguard supervisor expects the pool to be
very busy in the afternoon. For effective patron
surveillance, she sets up multiple lifeguard stations to reduce the number of patrons watched by each lifeguard. This type of coverage is called:
d. Zone coverage.
To effectively scan, you must:
d. Move your head and eyes as you scan to look
directly at each area rather than staring in a
When providing care to a conscious person you
suspect of having a head, neck or spinal injury and who was injured from a fall on the pool deck:
d. You do not move the victim unless the scene
A woman collides with another swimmer while
diving into the pool and asks the lifeguard for
help. Without doing an assessment, the lifeguard tells the woman she can continue swimming. The woman leaves the facility and seeks medical attention from a hospital after she begins to feel tingling sensations in her arms and legs. The lifeguard may be:
During a weather-related power failure at a facility, you should:
a. Clear everyone from the pool.
During in-service training, lifeguards practice
the steps of recognizing a distressed swimmer,
rescuing an active victim, informing management and speaking with witnesses. The lifeguards are practicing parts of a(n):
b. Emergency action plan.
You enter the mechanical room and find a
maintenance worker lying on his back on the
floor next to a ladder. You check the scene and
determine it is safe to enter. During your primary assessment, you find the victim is unconscious but breathing. You must leave to get help, what should
a. Move him into the H.A.IN.E.S. position.
Which of the following is true if the manager of
the facility has assigned you as the only lifeguard conducting patron surveillance?
a. You have been assigned to total coverage.
Which of the following pieces of equipment need to be easily accessible for emergency use:
b. Backboard, AED
A technique to minimize movement for a victim
with a suspected head, neck or spinal injury who is face-down, at the surface and in water less than 3 feet deep is the:
b. Head splint technique.
If three lifeguards are on duty, emergency back-up coverage takes place:
c. When a lifeguard enters the water for a rescue.
Which of the following is the least important for a safe group visit to a pool?
c. Ensuring there are multiple activities planned
for the group
While caring for someone with a suspected spinal injury, you secure the straps on a backboard in the following order:
d. Upper chest, hips, thighs
It is the primary responsibility of facility
management to provide all but which of
d. Educating patrons about and enforcing
The hazard communication standard includes
having MSDS information available. What is
included in this information?
b. Contains information about what type of
chemicals are in use at the facility
A patron dives into the shallow end of the lap pool. You suspect she has a head, neck or spinal injury because she has:
c. Blood in the ears and nose.
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