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56 terms

Social Psych I

STUDY
PLAY
Breaching experiments
experiments that violate the established social order to assess how people construct social reality
Culture
A society's set of unique patterns of behavior and beliefs
Enthnomethodology
A method of studying society through observation of people's day to day interactions
Group processes
a perspective within sociological psych that examines how basic social processes operate in group contexts
Macrosociology
The study of large-scale social processes
Microsociology
The study of the effects of society on social-psychological processes
Roles
A set of expectations about how to behave in a group
Social Institutions
Patterns of interactions in which behavior within a large group is guided by a common set of norms and roles
Social norms
The rules that regulate our behavior in relationships
Values
deeply held ideals and beliefs
Agency
The ability to act and think independent of the contraints imposed by social conditions
collective behavior
the action or behavior of people in groups or crowds
Frame Analysis
the process by which individuals transform the meaning of a situation using basic cognitive structures provided by society
proximity principle
element of the social structure and personality perspective referring to how peopleare affected by social structure through their immediate social environments
social scripts
the appropriate thoughts, feelingsm and behaviors that should be diplayed in a particular social frame
psychology principle
element of the social structure and personality perspective referring to how individuals internalize proximal experiences
Thoman Theorem
Theorem stating that when people define situations as real, the consequences of those situations become real.
Birth cohort
A group of people born around the same time period
Contextual dissonance
A feeling that minority members of a group have because they are different from the majority members
Generalized other
the attitudes of the whole community
Linked lives
An aspect of the life-course sociology referring to our relationships with other people
Looking-glass self
how the self relies on imagined responses of others in its development
Pygmalion effect
when children develop according to expectations of a group or society
Altruism
Refers to the motivation to help another person
in-groups
groups with which we indentify
prosocial behavior
includes any behavior that benefits another person
social distance
how we become attached to other people
theory of group position
theory that prejudicial attitudes reflect a group's postition in society
cybernetic approach
the study of emotion that assumes that social conditions shape our emotions; and in turn, our emotions act to maintain social structures
edgework
thrill- seeking behaviors designed to produce intense emotions
McDonaldization
the process of hyperrationality of the service workforce, or applying assembly-line techniques to interpersonal work
power-approach status
the study of emomtions based on the idea that human emotions result from real, anticipated, imagined, or recollected outcomes of social relations
primary emotions
physiologically grounded emotions that we inherit through evolutionary processes, including fear, anger, or sadness
procedure justice
in exchange theory, it is the beliefs about the fairness of tge methods used to make distributions
secondary emotions
emotions that derive from primary emotions when we attach varying meanings to primary emotions
socioemotional economy
a system for regulation emotional resources among people
sympathy account
the amount of sympathy that a person can expect from other people
theory of interaction ritual chains
theory that emphasizes the role of emotions in maintaining macrosociological institutions
scottish philosophers and american pragmaticism
The development of symbolic interactionism stems from which philosophical tradition or traditions?
Emile Durkheim; Karl Marx
Structural functionalism is associated with ________ while the conflict perspective is
associated with ________.
the availibility heuristic
When my judgement of whether someone is aggressive is determined by how many relevant instances of aggressive behavior I can recall, I am using _____ to make my judgment.
transient impressions
According to Affect Control Theory, temporary meanings in a situation that result from a specific behavioral event are called
schema
A specific cognitive structure that contains and organizes information about a particular person, group, event, or object is called a
WEB DuBois
social theorists is most associated with studying racial prejudice in the United States?
La Pieres study
study that showed most people do not act on their prejudices and most people have some prejudices
true
Race, class and gender are all important elements of socialization
Charles Horton Cooley
Which social psychologist is associated with the looking-glass self?
step 4
At what step in the research process does the researcher actually go out and collect data?
social force
After Donna cheated on her most recent exam, she starts to feel a sense of guilt, making her
reconsider whether she wants to do it again. Donna's feelings of guilt can be considered a
_________ according to the social structure and personality perspective, leading her to rethink
her future behaviors.
social structure and personality
Which sociological social psychology perspective is likely to emphasize the importance of roles and
statuses in the study of social psychology?
C. Wright Mills
The sociological imagination is associated with which social theorists?
6-15 people
how many people are in focus groups?
socialization
begins at birth and continues through the life cycle
true
Individuals' attitudes are very strong predictors of their behavior.
in-group bias tendencies
Willer's research showing presidential approval ratings increasing after the 9/11 terrorist
attacks in the U.S. clearly showed
attitude; value.
Your evaluation of a new political candidate may best be described as a(n) ____ while your
overall political ideology may better be described as a(n) _____.