Chesapeake and Jamestown
Terms in this set (40)
Maryland Toleration Act of 1649
Guaranteed toleration to all Christians, regardless of sect
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut - 1636
It has the features of a written constitution, and is considered by some as the first written Constitution. Government is based in the rights of an individual,
parcels of land consisting of about 50 acres which were given to colonists who brought indentured servants into America (Virginia and Maryland)
joint stock company
made up of a group of shareholders (e.g. Jamestown).
Christians were saved by faith alone and they should have to submit to no rules to control their behavior, kicked out of Massachusetts Bay
(eg Anne Hutchinson).
A member of a Puritan Separatist sect that left England in the early 1600s to settle in the Americas.
A religious group who wanted to purify the Church of England. They came to America for religious freedom and settled Massachusetts Bay.
A Puritan with strong religious beliefs. He opposed total democracy, believing the colony was best governed by a small group of skillful leaders. (CIty on a Hill)
A Quaker that founded Pennsylvania to establish a place where his people and others could live in peace and be free from persecution.
Mayflower Compact (1620)
An early agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a government for the Plymouth colony.
House of Burgesses (1619)
The Virginia House of Burgesses formed, the first legislative body in colonial America. .
Roger Williams (1635)
He left the Massachusetts Bay colony and purchased the land from a neighboring Indian tribe to found the colony of Rhode Island. Rhode Island was the only colony at that time to offer complete religious freedom.
Chief of the Powhatan Confederacy and father to Pocahontas, a friend to John Smith and John Rolfe. .
Aka King Philip, Native American ruler, who in 1675 led attack on colonial villages throughout Massachusetts (King Phillip's War)
Bacon's Rebellion (1676)
Nathaniel Bacon and other western Virginia settlers were angry at Virginia Governor Berkley for trying to appease the Doeg Indians after the Doegs attacked the western settlements. The frontiersmen formed an army, with Bacon as its leader, which defeated the Indians and then marched on Jamestown and burned the city. Led to the immediate end of indentured servitude.
took control in Jamestown. He organized the colony and saved many people from death the next winter. "THose who do not work shall not eat"
He was one of the English settlers at Jamestown (and he married Pocahontas). He discovered how to successfully grow tobacco in Virginia, eventually, tobacco led to race based slavery.
Great Awakening (1730s and 1740s)
Religious movement characterized by emotional preaching (Jonathan Edwards & George Whitefield). The first cultural movement to unite the Thirteen Colonies. Associated with the democratization of religion.
George Whitefield (1739)
Stressed that God was all powerful and would save only those who openly professed faith in Christ Jesus. Taught that with sincere faith, ordinary people could understand scripture without ministers
A Congregationalist preacher of the Great Awakening who spoke of the fiery depths of hell. (eg "Sinners in the hand of an Angry God" )
social contract (European Enlightenment)
A voluntary agreement among individuals to secure their rights and welfare by creating a government and abiding by its rules (eg Locke and Rosseau)
inalienable rights (European Enlightenment)
Fundamental rights inherent to being human that every person therefore possesses that cannot be taken away by government or another entity. This phrase was used in the Virginia Declaration of Rights and the Declaration of Independence. (Locke - 2nd Treatise on Government)
New England Colonies
They had a short growing season long and cold winters, rocky soil and Forests and economy was based on trading shipping and ship building.
Religiously motivated and settles as families. Escape from political persecution/turmoil. Desire for religious freedom by non-Anglicans
Political control in the hands of male "saints" or church members
• Taxes used in support of the Church (theocracy)
• Meetinghouse used for both church and town meetings
• Common lands for grazing
• Compact settlements close to the meetinghouse
• Importance of literacy in order to read the Bible; development of schools
Demand for religious conformity; suppression of dissent: e.g., Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson
• Role of the family; patriarchal society
church requirement to vote
Pequot War (1637)
The Massachusetts Bay colonists wanted to claim Connecticut for themselves but it belonged to the Pequot. The colonists burned down their village and 400 were killed. (Mystic River massacre)
Salem Witchcraft Trials (1690s)
Hysteria hit in Salem Massachusetts. Over a hundred people were accused of witchcraft. 20 were killed, over three quarters were women. This occurred during a period of social turmoil and highlights the precarious position of poor women who don't conform to ideals.
included Maryland, Virginia, the Carolinas and Georgia.
Had a cash crop agriculture, plantation economy
slavery was important, mostly illiterate, Protestant, very isolated, high death rates and unstable families.
Church of England; tax-supported
• Church-administered poor relief
• Planter-backwoods division v. tidewater gentry
• Secular (property) criteria for franchise
• Elected assembly, House of Burgesses
• Indentured servitude
city on a hill
John Winthrop wanted Massachusetts Bay Colony to be a Puritan model society based on Christian principles. Puritans tried to live perfect lives.
Halfway Covenant (1662)
A Puritan church document, the Halfway Covenant allowed partial membership rights to persons not yet converted into the Puritan church; It lessened the difference between the "elect" members of the church from the regular members;
Colonists who received free passage to North America in exchange for working without pay for a certain number of years (Chesapeake colonies of Virginia and Maryland)
British colonial policy during the reigns of George I and George II. Relaxed supervision of internal colonial affairs by royal bureaucrats contributed significantly to the rise of American self government (The British made laws and taxes but did not enforce them.)
Nineteenth-century idea in Western societies that men and women, especially of the middle class, should have different roles in society: women as wives, mothers, and homemakers; men as breadwinners and participants in business and politics
cult of true womanhood
the ideal woman was seen as a tender, self-sacrificing caregiver who provided a nest for her children and a peaceful refuge for her husband, social customs that restricted women to caring for the house
A corrupt governor of Virginia who bought off members of the House of Burgesses and changed Favored Indians over former indentures living on the frontier (encroaching on native's property), led to Bacon's Rebellion.
A series of British regulations which taxed goods imported by the colonies from places other than Britain, or otherwise sought to control and regulate colonial trade. These were generally ignored during the period of salutary neglect.
The Navigation Acts were reinstated after the French and Indian War because Britain needed to pay off debts incurred during the war, and to pay the costs of maintaining a standing army in the colonies.
Name given to a married woman, this was also a legal stature where the wife's identity was assumed under her husband's (coverture) rights and authority
-gave women the right to own land and to conduct business in a colon
Chief of the Wampanoag Indians who helped the Pilgrims survive. They had peace for 40 years until his death.
Immigrants who received passage to America in exchange for a fixed term of labor
New England Town Meetings
Democratic style of government. Towns and cities grew around gathering places, and allowed mass participation in politics.
City Upon a Hill
name for Mass. Bay Colony coined by Winthrop to describe how their colony should serve as a model of excellence for future generations
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
APUSH Unit 1 Ch 1-2 History Terms
APUSH Chapter 2
APUSH Period 2
APUSH Unit 2 Readings 1-5
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
AP Unit 3 Long Essay interpreting the Constitution
AP Unit 3 long essay foreign policy
double doc early revolution
APUSH VA NEAL Foreign Policies and Reforms (late 1800s to early 1900s) 2019
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Revolution lead-up and early republic 2017
ap early republic essay
Antebellum Review 2017
Nealk AP VA The Unfinished Nation Chapter 6