Foundations of US Democracy - Part 1 - Roots of Democracy
Terms in this set (16)
Checks and Balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
a movement that emphasized science and reason as guides to help see the world more clearly
consent of the governed
The idea that government derives its authority by permission or agreement of the people.
Individual liberty/Individual Rights
a person's ability to be free and independent; rights guaranteed or belonging to a person
having an effect or impact on the actions, behavior, opinions, etc., of another or others
the idea that all humans are born with rights, which include the right to life, liberty, and property
separation of powers
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches, with the legislative branch making law, the executive applying and enforcing the law, and the judiciary interpreting the law
An agreement between the people and their government signifying their consent to be governed
A pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that claimed the colonies had a right to be an independent nation
an agreement, or contract, among a group of people
following established legal procedures to protect an accused person of certain rights and guarantee justice
English Bill of Rights
document that gave England a government based on a system of laws, rights and a freely elected parliament; it limited the power of monarchs in England
The idea that certain restrictions should be placed on government to protect the natural rights of citizens.
government in which a constitution or legislative body limits the monarch's powers
the royal charter of political rights given to rebellious English barons by King John in 1215
1620 - The first agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a government for the Plymouth colony.
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Landmark Supreme Court Cases
Federal, State and Local Courts
PEOPLE OF THE COURT
Organization of the Courts
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Rule of Law
Sources of Law