Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
History Exam 1 Review
Terms in this set (31)
Why did Hayes recall federal troops and give railroad subsidies that led to the Compromise of 1877?
Hayes did this in order to gain the much needed votes from the Southern states
Separate but equal came out of the 1896 Plessy vs. Ferguson case. Why?
Plessy stated that the Separation Law was unconstitutional, so the SC created Separate but Equal. ( The 14th Amendment was not broken )
Who put Boss Tweed into prison and ran for president?
Who helped Tilden put Boss Tweed into prison?
What happened due to the assassination of Garfield?
the election of Chester Arthur and the Civil Service Act
Why are civil service jobs reformed
The distribution of government office position is corrupt and not equal
How long was Garfield in office before he became the second president to be assassinated?
How did Grant emerge from corruption during his presidency?
It turned out that he had hired family and crooks into office without knowing. (The Whiskey Ring) He eventually apologized for doing this.
What were the Civil War amendments?
13: ends slavery
14: citizenship to ex-slaves
15: Ex-slaves get right to vote
How many Americans died during the Civil War?
Why did clergymen and new political economists at the end of the 19th century call for Laissez Faire?
They were calling for Laissez Faire because they thought that if people were able to do what they want it would make things run smoother
What was Laissez Faire at this time in American History?
Laissez Faire was allowing people to do what ever they wanted to do with little to no government involvement
Who flooded Europe with leaflets in 1882 to come to America and get land at a low price?
What caused the cattle drives from Texas to use the Pecos Trail?
Railroads had been built in the area so this gave the ranchers an area to move the cattle
What were the famous cattle trails, and where did they go to?
1. The Sedalia trail
2. Chisholm trail
3. Western trail to Dodge City
4. Goodnight-loving trail (Pecas)
What two winters killed off a lot of cattle
1886 & 1878
Who was Tom Horn?
Tom Horn was the most famous gunslinger who worked for ranchers in Wyoming, and he would kill anyone for $600
In 1890 who said the West or Frontier had ceased to exist?
Frederick Jackson Turner
What made it hard for homesteaders to be successful?
Transportation made it difficult to travel to the West around this time. The Indians also made it difficult to keep their land secure.
What was the homestead act?
If anyone could stay on 160 acres of land for 5 years (paying only $10) they could then keep this land
What was the 1878 Stone + Timber Act
For $2.50 an acre you could have all the mountain land you wanted
What were land grants and how did they help the railroads?
They received large amounts of land, sold it, built their railroads on them, and contributed to the large amount of settlers in the West.
What two railroad lines linked together the Pacific and the Atlantic oceans?
The Central Pacific, and the Union Pacific
What did Thomas Edison do to change America?
-brought electricity and the light bulb to American society
-first town that had full running electricity was Cheyenne
What best seller did Josiah Strong write and what did he want?
a clergyman and writer who preached of the saving power of Protestant religious values. (Our Country: Its Possible Future and Its Present Crisis)
What president spent money to rebuild a new steel Navy?
What was the open-range policy in regards to cattlemen?
-led to cowboys and the cattle drive
-by 1874 the cattle drive period ended
How many days did the Pony Express take to get a letter from Independence, Missouri to San Francisco?
Between 1859 and 1876 the gold supply did what?
The gold supply will double
What was placer mining?
use of metal pans, picks, and shovels to harvest gold from the banks and bottoms of rivers and streams
What caused a 15 year delay in building other transcontinental railroads in America?
The Civil War
Sets with similar terms
AMIND 141 test 1 Study Guide
America Expands West
Chapter 16: In the Wake of War
Other sets by this creator
Stats Ch. 1 Notes Review
A&P Lecture Test 2
Lab Practical #2
History test #4