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Mythology test (part 2)
Terms in this set (55)
Hermes is the protector of ________________and____________ and he is a messenger God. ****
Flocks and herd
Hera is the goddess of ________________ and ________________.*****
Marriage and maternity
Eros is the god of _______________******
Hephaestus is the god of _____________and _______________
Volcanos and fire
__________________ ruled over the sea.
Pan is the (part human and goat) __________God
Artemis is associated with animals, hunting, nature, and young ____________________.
Demeter is the goddess of corn and __________________ (she is celebrated once every 5 years)
The ancient greeks often criticized the immoral ___________________of the gods
Gods could do what they liked but mortals had to refrain from excess. Gods typify what can happen when they have an excess of ________________ and cross _____________boundaries.
Passion and boundaries
Gods were subject to the same passions and weaknesses as humans. They knew love, despair, and ________, just like people.
Odysseus a greek general left the Trojan _____________as a parting tribute to the Trojans. Helen suspects a trick and tries to expose the greeks who were in hiding but to no avail.
Trojan war was the 1st thing that the greeks did as a _______________people. Before then they were fragmented tribes.
Sometimes gods took human form but unlike people they ___________________healed quickly and never died. They also had incredible knowledge.
_____________________ of Troy was the wife of King Menelous of sparta.
Greeks seem to have had tremendous ____________________in the human form, thus the gods looked like humans.
Apollo loved_______________the princess of Troy. He offers to give her the gift of prohecy in exchange for her love but she rejects him. He made it so no one would ever believe her prophecies. This later had dire consequences during the Trojan War.
____________________ is the god who presided at Delphi. He is the god of Sexuality and Love; ironically he was always rejected by women. He is the god of distance, rationality, music, and art.
Hermes is the guardian of ________________. Hermes accidentally killed Argos, when he tried to clear a path for travelers.
_____________________ is another term for the pithia.
The Oracle at ______________________(the Oracle of Apollo) was known for her ambiguity in prophecy. She spoke in tongues; she made obscure prophecies. Humans often made a pilgrimage to Delphi once in their lives.
Hermes must atone for killing Argos. Judgement was cast against him with stones, thus we get the definition for a herm, which is a stone____________.
_________________was honored in Athens with a gold and ivory statue in the Parthenon; this statue is one of 7 wonders of the ancient world. This statue presided over the Olympic Games.
Judea + Christianity had an open door to the ancient greek world bc the greeks had an ___________ God just incase there was a god whom they forgot to worship, bc they had never heard about this god.
Selminos tried to imitate _________________________ and was punished for this by the god.
Euripides, sophocles, and aristophanes were all prominent ______________.
The gods help the greeks establish a _______________ and a body of ______________.
Morality and ethics
The other god who presided over Delphi is________________ the god of wine, vegetation, the sea, civil disorder, democracy, and fluidity. He is strong emotion and he is worshipped by women.
______________________was a man who was sent to tartarus. He was tantalized in hades. He was eternally thirsty and hungry.
Apollo is known for formal ____________________; he is the god of civic order, reason.
Erebus and ____________are the 2 levels of the underworld. People who die immediately go to Erebus. People who are violent and partculary offend the gods descend to the 2nd level Tartarus.
The word psyche means _________________ or soul . Psyches in the underworld have no consciousness thus the afterlife is bleak.
The under world is a shadow existence where there was no conscious afterlife. No one went to________________. It was the exclusive domain of the gods.
Hades is the only god who never had a _________________ dedicated to him, bc hades was grim and bleak.
Styx is also known as the River of _______________
Cerberus is a 3 headed ________________________ who guards the entrance of Hades.
__________________, choral dancing and drama were all elements of the Theatre. It was for everyone.
Zeus became known as ___________
Theatre was very _______________of the gods
_____________discovered greek religion. Greek pantheon is another name for the collection of greek gods.
In the story Hippolytus he dispised _________________.misogynistic (anti woman)
__________________a philosopher, criticized the gods as they were portrayed in literature. His philosophy rashional thought not emotional reactions.
Aphrodite and _____________ had an affair (aphrodite was married to hephaetus tho) and they were beyond the control of the other gods bc of their mutual passions. Their mutual passions represents uncontrolable passions.
In his tragedies, _________________ also thinks that gods shouldnt be base and petty; he didnt like how the gods were portrayed.
Also an ______________of sin led people towards the concept of one true god.
Hera known as _____________
The ariopides is a meeting place for a counsel of __________________. The apostle reminds the counsel that their temple to the unknown god is evidence that there was the possibility of one true god.
Ares became known as __________
The concept of _________________( the concept of one true god) began to take hold in ancient greece with the advent of philosophy (plato and aristotle) they thought gods should be better and they still believed in of a supreme force.
The concept of the conception of Jesus was conceivable for the ancient greeks bc it was similar to ______________
Aphrodite became known as ____________
Poseidon became known as _____________
To sin means to miss the __________________ to err, to go wrong. To sin means that u dont fulfill who u are.
Myths also teach people how to address issues of personal __________________versus the state _____________
Morality and morality
Gods and myths speak to us about optimism and _________________ about the nature of reality, the nature of _____________, whats important.
Pesimision and life
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