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Ancient Greece Study Guide

The sheet that he handed out, these are the fill-ins for the study guide. :) GOOD LUCK! The test is MONDAY the 7th!
STUDY
PLAY
Ancient Greece Map
Macedonia, Mount Olympus, Aegean and Mediterranean Seas, Peloponnesian and Attica Peninsulas, the Islands of Crete and Rhodes, Troy, the City-States of Sparta and Athens
Homer
A Greek poet, author of the Iliad and the Odyssey
Pericles
Athenian general who led Athens during the war with Sparta ; he made sure that poor as well as rich citizens could take part in government ;
Socrates
Greek philosopher who discussed laws, customs, values, and relgion with students ; accused of urging young people to revolt, he was sentenced to death
Plato
Greek philosopher and student of Socrates
Alexander the Great
King of Macedonia who conquered Geece, Persia, Egypt, and the Indus Valley; his conquests spread Greek culture throughout parts of 3 continents ; he defeated Persia, and soon his empire stretched all the way to India ; died of a fever ; as he layed dying, his soldiers wanted to say goodbye and so they lined up and waited their turn to shake his hand and say farwell ; when he was 12 he won a horse and named it Bucephalus and when this horse died, Alexander named a city Bucephalus for the horse ; the most famous city he named was ALEXANDRIA
Aristole
Greek philosopher who was the private teacher of Alexander the Great
Polis
A city-state in Ancient Greece
Harbor
A sheltered place along a coast used to protect boats and ships
City-States
A self-governing city, often surrounding lands and villages
Peloponnesian War
a war between Athens and Sparta that threatened to tear all of Greece apart and was finally won by the Spartans
Citizen
A person with certain rights and responsibilities in his or her country or community
Assembly
a lawmaking body of government made up of a group of citizens
Philosophy
The study of or search for truth, wisdom, and the right way to live
Democracy
A system of government in which citizens vote to make governmental decisions
Oligarchy
a type of government in which a small gruop of citizens control decision-making
Monarchy
A government ruled by a king or queen
Hippocrates
An ancient Greek physician (the "father of medicine") who is credited with founding the study of medicine ; Treated patients and came up with cures ; made rules for how doctors should treat their patients -- Doctors today promise to follow these rules when they take the Hippocratic Oath
King Phillip II
The King of Macedonia who was killed before he could lead the Greeks and Macedonians into a war with Persia / son was Alexander the Great
Peninsula
an area of land almost entirely surrounded by water
Ionic
THREE MAIN STYLES OF GREEK ARCHITECTURE - scroll-like curls at either end
Doric
THREE MAIN STYLES OF GREEK ARCHITECTURE - simple and plain
Corinthian
THREE MAIN STYLES OF GREEK ARCHITECTURE - rows of overlapping leaves
Marathon
26 Miles
Illiad
Homer's story of the Ancient Trojan War
Acropolis
a hill in acient Greece where city residents sought shelter and saftey in times of war and met to discuss community affairs
Parthenon
The temple of Athena, patron goddess of Athens
Aphrodite
Goddess of love and beauty ; wife of Hephaestus
Apollo
God of the sun and healing ; twin brother of Artemis
Ares
God of War
Artemis
Goddess of childbirth, the moon, and hunting ; twin sister of Apollo
Athena
Goddess of Wisdom, Warfare, and handicrafts ; also patron of Athens
Hades
God of the underworld ; Zeus's brother
Hephaestus
God of Metalworking
Hera
Queen of the Gods or Mother of the Gods ; Wife of Zeus
Hermes
Messenger of the Gods
Hestia
Goddess of the hearth and fire ; sister of Zeus
Poseidon
God of the Sea and Earthquakes ; brother of Zeus
Zeus
Ruler of ALL GODS
Olympic Games
- Olympia is built for Zeus and is where the Olympic Games are held (west of Athens)
- Altars were all around Zeus's temple
- First Olmpic Games took place 776 B.C
- Most religious festivals were accompanied by this
- the Sancuary of Zeus was found in Olympia
- Sacrificial fires were burning 24 hrs. a day in honor of Zeus
- Women were not allowed to compete or watch as spectators
- Every four years the Olympics were held
Chariot Races
Chariots were drawn by 2 or 4 horses
Running Races
The main race was 200 meters long
Wrestling
Two opponents in this test of -
1. STRENGTH
2. SKILL
Boxing
Competitors Wore :
1. LEATHER STRAP AROUND HANDS AND WRISTS
Didn't Wear :
1. BOXING GLOVES
Discus
A heavy disk made of iron was thrown as far as possible
Javelin
The winner threw this light spear the farthest
Long Jump
Athletes carried stone weights as they trained
Racing
Runners wore helmets and carried heavy shields
Alexander the Great
son of Philip II; received military training in Macedonian army and was a student of Aristotle; great leader; conquered much land in Asia Minor, Syria, Egypt, and Mesopotamia; goal was to conquer the known world ; Conquered and ruled an empire stretching from Macedonia to the Indus Valley ; (BE ABLE TO BULLET 5 "HIGHLIGHTS" OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT'S LIFE)
WHEN IS THE TEST? AND WHAT IS ON IT?
February 7th - Sequencing, Matching, Compare/Contrast, True or False, Multiple Choice, and Fill in the Blank (the Olympic Paper is standing in for the essay) GOOD LUCK!