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the key to understanding what makes each organism unique; the study of the passing on of traits from the parent to the offspring
Austrian monk who discovered the concept of genetics; started work in the monastery garden
separation of the dominant and recessive alleles during the formation of the gametes; this is random so it cannot be scientifically predicted
the like hood that a particular event will occur; The larger number of offspring's, the closer the results will be to the predicted values
genes for different traits can segregate independently dying the formation of gametes
Mendel's Four Principles
1) Inheritance of biological characteristics is determined by individual units called genes, which are passed from parents offspring
2) Where two or more forms of the gene for a single trait exist, some alleles may be dominant and others may be recessive
3) In most sexually reproducing organisms, each adult has two copies of each gene, these genes segregate from each other when gametes are formed
4) Alleles for different genes usually segregate independently of each other
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