A fundamental principle of anthropology, that the various parts of human culture and biology must be viewed in the broadest possible context in order to understand their interconnections and interdependence.
Theories about the world and reality based on the assumptions and values of one's own culture.
The use of anthropological knowledge and methods to solve practical problems, often for a specific client.
A specialization in anthropology that brings theoretical and applied approaches from cultural and biological anthropology to the study of human health and disease.
Also known as biological anthropology. The systematic study of humans as biological organisms.
A branch of biological anthropology that uses genetic and biochemical techniques to test hypotheses about human evolution, adaptation, and variation.
Subfield of applied physical anthropology that specializes in the identification of human skeletal remains for legal purposes.
Also known as social or sociocultural anthropology. The study of customary patterns in human behavior, thought, and feelings. It focuses on humans as culture-producing and culture-reproducing creatures.
society's shared and socially transmitted ideas, values, and perceptions, which are used to make sense of experience and generate behavior and are reflected in that behavior.
In ethnography, the technique of learning a people's culture through social participation and personal observation within the community being studies, as well as interviews and discussion with individual members of the group over an extended period of time.
The study and analysis of different cultures from a comparative or historical point of view, utilizing ethnographic accounts and developing anthropological theories that help explain why certain important differences or similarities occur among groups.
The study of human cultures through the recovery and analysis of material remains and environmental data.
The archaeological study of human remains emphasizing the preservation of cultural and social processes on the skeleton.
Cultural resource management
branch of archaeology concerned with survey and/or excavation of archaeological and historical remains threatened by construction or development and policy surrounding protection of cultural resources.
An assertion of opinion or belief formally handed down by an authority as true and indisputable.