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24 terms

Grammar Vocab

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simple
a type of sentence; has 1 independent clause
compound
a type of sentence; has 2 independent clauses connected with a conjunction
complex
a type of sentence; has 1 independent clause and 1 or more dependent clauses
compound-complex
a type of sentence; has 2 independent clauses and 1 or more dependent clauses
fanboys
coordinating conjunctions; for, and, not, but, or, yet, so
transitive
this type of verb takes an object
intransitive
this type of verb does not take an object
passive voice
subject is being acted upon; avoid this construction when writing
active voice
subject is acting
relative pronoun
this type of pronoun can introduce a dependent clause; Ex: that, what, which, who, whom, whose
whatever, whichever, whoever, whomever
adverb subordinator
introduce dependent clauses; Ex:after,although, as,as if,as soon as,as though, because,before, even if, even though,how if,in order that, once,why,since, so that,than,that,though,unless,
until,when,whenever,where,whereas,wherever, whether,while
independent
a type of clause that can be a sentence on its own
dependent
a type of clause that is a sentence fragment if left by itself because it does not make sense
gerund
a verbal word/phrase that names something and acts as a noun ending in -ing
elliptical construction
a construction in which one or more words are omitted in the belief that they are understood; Ex:They also suggested we take a bag for our leftovers. (after suggested the word "that" is understood)
antecedent
the pronoun that replaces the noun in a sentence
appositive
a noun or something acting as a noun which renames a preceding noun;must be enclosed in commas
collective
nouns that act as a single unit so they have a singular verb(the group is...); but if the unit is identified it receives a plural verb(the men are..)
essential clause
one in which the clause is needed to name the subject so it is not enclosed in commas
non-essential clause
one in which the clause is not needed to name the subject since it is already named so it is enclosed in commas
semi-colon
used to connect independent clauses instead of using conjunctions; cannot separate 2 independent clauses with just a comma=r.o.s.
citation
go outside of the quote; if it is the end of a sentence there is punctuation after it
introductory phrase
at the beginning of a sentence; has to have a comma after the phrase; can open a sentence in a prepositional phrase, adverb, or dependent(adverb) clause
interrupter
a type of word/phrase that is enclosed by commas because it interjects; Ex: therefore,however,for example,of course,nevertheless,on one hand...)