AP World History Pre-History, River Vally Civilizations, Classical Civizations, and Religions
Terms in this set (35)
When was the Paleolithic Age?
3.5 million- 10,000 BCE
What kind of religions did they have in the Paleolithic Age?
What was the technology like in the Paleolithic Age?
Bone/stone tools, fire
Describe the roles of men and women in the food gathering system?
men: hunting, women: gathering
What were the roles of women in the Paleolithic Age?
What are some aspects of the Paleolithic Age society?
Neanderthal man: sophisticated burials, used tools Cro-magnon cave paintings, venus figures
When was the Neolithic Age?
10,000- 3,500 BCE
What type of religion did they have in the Neolithic Age?
polytheistic, rising priesthood, a after life was harsh and scary
Describe the Agricultural Revolution of the Neolithic Age.
barter systems, irrigation systems,
Describe the Job Specialization of the Neolithic Age.
potters, farmers, and soldiers
Describe the social aspects of the Neolithic Age.
paternalistic, social classes forming, wealth= land,
What was the government like in the Neolithic Age?
towns forming, clan leaders had control of the agricultural systems.
What are ziggurats?
Religions temples that were in the center of Mesopotamian societies
What were the writing systems of the Mesopotamian's like?
cuniform, symbols on reeds and clay
What kind of religion did they have in Mesopotamia?
Who was Sargon?
He is the builder of the first empire, and th ruler of the most powerful city states of the time
What was the government like in Mesopotamia?
unstable, the ruler was viewed as earth's representative
What were the city states like in Mesopotamia?
some of the city states controlled on another, Sargon ruled Sumer & Akkad and dominated others
What was the Mesopotamian empire like?
it was unstable , and fell in the Ur dynasty in 2230 BCE
Describe Hammurabi's code in Mesopotamia.
eye for an eye, had regulations about family issues, land policies, and crime and punishment; the wealthier were looked more highly on
What were the social classes in Mesopotamia?
1. free landowners 2. dependant farmers/rural workers 3. slaves
What were the lives of women like in Mesopotamia?
very few rights couldn't own land, trade, or be in politics (lost social standing after the agricultural revolution)
Who and what did the Mesopotamians trade with?
import: wood, metal, and stone; export: wool, cloth, barley, and oil; they traded with other lands
What is the agriculture like in Mesopotamia?
irrigation systems, oxen-plows, used drainage systems to prevent flooding, and they required the cooperation of temple & palace
How did the Tigris and Euphrates play a role in Mesopotamia?
they flooded, and methods were developed to control it
Explain the progress in crops and animals in Mesopotamia?
they were domesticated, and oxen-plow systems were used
What was religion like in Egypt?
polytheistic, they had animal and human forms, the afterlife was a desired place
Describe mummification in Egypt?
the preservation of the body for eternity
What roles did the priests play in Egypt?
they served in temples, and were part of the upper class
What kind of writing was used in Egypt?
they had sacred and secular writings, and they were written in heiroglyphics
What did the Egyptian scribes do?
they were part of the Pharaoh's bureaucracy in edicts and gov transactions
Describe the architecture in Egypt?
monumental, the tombs of Pharaohs
What was the Egyptian empire like?
centralized, large, effective, assisted by the geography of the land
What was the Pharaoh-divine kingship in Egypt?
the Pharaoh is a god, unified by Menes in 3100 BCE
What were the social classes in Egypt?
roughly equal, 1. royal/wealth 2. workers 3. pesants