Gov stuffs

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Terms in this set (...)

supermajority
A number of votes greater than a simple majority. Sometimes required to pass a particular motion or proposal
federalist papers
A collection of 85 articles written by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison under the name "Publius" to defend the Constitution in detail.
judicial review
Authority given to the courts to review constitutionality of acts by the executive/state/legislature; est. in Marbury v. Madison
devolution revolution
The effort to slow the growth of the federal government by returning many functions to the states.
welfare reform act
1996 law that established the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families program in place of the Aid to Families with Dependent Children program and tightened Medicaid eligibility requirements
federalism
A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
express powers
Powers the Constitution specifically grants to one of the branches of the national government.
enumeration powers
powers granted directly to the national government by the Constitution; another name for expressed powers
implied powers
Powers not specifically mentioned in the constitution; that allow congress to carry out its functions
informal powers
Powers not stated in the Constitution, such as the access to media and prestige of the office.
formal powers
specific grants of authority defined in the Constitution or in law
commerce clause
Clause stating that Congress can regulate interstate and international commerce.
extradition
A legal process whereby an alleged criminal offender is surrendered by the officials of one state to officials of the state in which the crime is alleged to have been committed.
antitrust legislation
Federal laws (starting with the Sherman Act of 1890) that try to prevent a monopoly from dominating an industry and restraining trade.
political predisposition
A characteristic of individuals that is predictive of political behavior.
political apathy
Lack of interest in political participation.
political efficacy
The belief that one's political participation really matters - that one's vote can actually make a difference
linkage institutions
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fairness doctrine
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selective exposure
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selective perception
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agenda setting
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issue framing
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horse race
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public opinion
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polling
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reapportionment
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redistricting
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gerrymander
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packing
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cracking
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incumbents
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speaker of the house
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majority leader
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minority leader
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whip
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president pro tempore
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hold
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filibuster
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cloture
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senatorial courtesy
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logrolling
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discharge petition
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rider
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pocket veto
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investigation
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oversight
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state of the union address
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line item veto
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chief of staff
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executive office of president
The cluster of presidential staff agencies that help the president carry out his responsibilities. Currently the office includes the Office of Management and Budget, the Council of Economic Advisers, and several other units.
OMB
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rally point
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mandate
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War Powers Resolution
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bureaucracy
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department
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independent agency
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independent regulatory agency
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government corporation
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spoils system
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merit system
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OPM
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implementation
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Hatch Act
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uncontrollable spending
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entitlement programs
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indexing
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oversight
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central clearance
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writ of habeas corpus
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original jurisdiction
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appellate jurisdiction
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court of appeals
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judicial self restrain
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stare decisis
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judicial activism
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write of certiorari
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amicus curiae brief
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attorney general
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solicitor general
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ex post facto law
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bill of attainder
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due process
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selective incorporation
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establishment clause
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vouchers
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free exercise
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bad tendency
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clear and present danger
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libel
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sedition
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slander
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prior restraint
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fighting words
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civil disobedience
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exclusionary rule
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procedural due process
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substantive due process
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de jure segregation
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de facto segregation
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jim crow laws
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women's suffrage
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fiscal policy
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monetary policy
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tariff
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progressive tax
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deficit
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national debt
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CBO
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entitlements
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sales tax
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value added tax
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tax expenditures
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Federal Reserve Board
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medicare
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medicaid
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Bush Doctrine
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economic sanctions
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checks on branches
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Gibbons v. Ogden
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U.S. v. Lopez
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Reynolds v. US
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Oregon v. Smith
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free exercise clause
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supreme court makeup
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political party makeup
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Interest group makeup
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executive makeup
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campaign finance
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reapportionment
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electoral college
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divided government
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party polarization
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incumbency
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franking privilege
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power of the purse
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congress
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