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APES unit 1 vocab
Terms in this set (45)
The natural world, as a whole or part of a geographical area (especially as affected by human activity)
The study of the interaction of human systems and natural systems
A biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment.
The process by which life-supporting resources are provided
Something that shows the overall health of an environmental system
-Average global surface temp/CO2 concentrations (climate change)
Diversity of the different forms of life (micro level, species diversity, ecosystem diversity)
Diversity at the micro, DNA/genetic level
A group of organisms that is distinct from other groups in its morphology/behavior
Number of different species in a given area
Evolution of a new species
Background extinction rate
The average rate at which species become extinct over the long term
Gases in Earth's atmosphere that trap heat near the surface
caused by humans
improvement in human well-being through economic and industrial advancement
The concept of using Earth's resources in such a way that they provide for people's needs in the present without diminishing Earth's ability to provide for future generations.
Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
an appreciation for life
the impact of a person or community on the environment, expressed as the amount of land required to sustain their use of natural resources.
the amount of biologically productive land and sea available to us
the group that does not receive the experimental treatment.
Costs that are not calculated into the upfront price of an item (ex. Labor, environmental damage, poverty)
Gross domestic product
Value of products/services produced in a year per nation
Includes Consumer spending, Investment, Gov spending, Exports—Imports
Genuine progress indicator
Inclusive way to measure progress in economic terms
Includes Personal consumption, Income distribution, Health, Resource depletion
As a country develops, environment worsens for a while, then improves as it gets wealthier
a situation in which the market does not distribute resources efficiently
Sustainable economic systems (inputs/outputs)**
The careful and responsible management of Earth and its resources.
Tragedy of the commons
the tendency of a shared, limited resource to become depleted because people act from self-interest for short-term gain
Environmental arm of UN
Financial assistance to developing countries (global)
World Health Organization
UN branch for human health
United Nations Development Program ; reduce poverty, increase health (global)
Environmental Protection Agency (national)
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (national)
Department of Energy (national)
Center for Disease Control (national)
Measures of sustainability and development
HDI (Human Development Index): measures Life expectancy, Education, Standard of living
HPI (Human Poverty Index): measures average Longevity, adult Illiteracy, % of people without clean water and health services
Command and control approach
Government sets regulation, consequence if not followed
tax environmentally harmful activities
Triple bottom line
To be sustainable we need to consider the people, the planet and a profit.
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