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Surface anatomy terms (with pictures)

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Directional Terms
allow us to explain where one body structure is in relation to another
Axial
fundamental division of our body. Makes up the main axis of our body, includes the head, neck, and trunk.
Appendicular
fundamental division of our body. relating to the limbs and their attachments to the axis.
Regional Terms
used to designate specific areas within major body divisions
Abdominal
pertaining to the anterior body trunk region inferior to the ribs
Acromial
pertaining to the point of the shoulder
Antebrachial
pertaining to the forearm
Antecubital
pertaining to the anterior surface of the elbow
Axillary
pertaining to the armpit
Brachial
pertaining to the arm
Buccal
pertaining to the cheek
Carpal
Pertaining to the wrist
Cephalic
pertaining to the head
Cervical
pertaining to the neck region
Coxal
pertaining to the hip
Crural
pertaining to the leg
Digital
pertaining to the fingers or toes
Femoral
pertaining to the thigh
Fibular (peroneal)
pertaining to the side of the leg
Frontal
pertaining to the forehead
Hallux
pertaining to the great toe
Inguinal
pertaining to the groin
Mammary
pertaining to the breast
Manus
pertaining to the hand
Mental
pertaining to the chin
Nasal
pertaining to the nose
Oral
pertaining to the mouth
Orbital
pertaining to the eye socket (orbit)
Palmar
pertaining to the palm of the hand
Patellar
pertaining to the anterior knee (kneecap) region
Pedal
pertaining to the foot
Pelvic
pertaining to the pelvis region
Pollex
pertaining to the thumb
Pubic
pertaining to the genital region
Sternal
pertaining to the region of the breastbone
Tarsal
pertaining to the ankle
Thoracic
pertaining to the chest
Umbilical
pertaining to the navel
Acromial
pertaining to the point of the shoulder
Calcaneal
pertaining to the heel of the foot
Dorsum
pertaining to the back
Gluteal
pertaining to the buttocks or rump
Lumbar
pertaining to the area of the back between the ribs and hips; the loin
Olecranal
pertaining to the posterior aspect of the elbow
Otic
pertaining to the ear
Perineal
pertaining to the region between the anus and external genitalia
Plantar
pertaining to the sole of the foot
Popliteal
pertaining to the back of the knee
Sacral
pertaining to the region between the hips (overlying the sacrum)
Scapular
pertaining to the scapula or shoulder blade area
Sural
pertaining to the calf or posterior surface of the leg
Vertebral
pertaining to the area of the spinal column
Anterior/Ventral Body
Posterior/Dorsal Body