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Health and Wellness Exam 1
Terms in this set (78)
What is the broad vision of the "Healthy People 2020" national health objectives?
create a society in which all people live long, healthy lives
Which of the following best summarizes the components of the "HELP" acronym?
Health is available to Everyone for a Lifetime and its Personal
"Disparities in health" refers to differences in health
by levels of fitness
An overarching goal of Healthy People 2020 is to increase both ____________ and _____________
Which term does the "Healthy People 2020" document use to describe the general sense of happiness and satisfaction with life?
Which of the following best describes wellness?
quality of life and a sense of well-being
An individual's ability to cope with daily events and deal with personal feelings in a positive, optimistic, and constructive way is known as _______ wellness
An individual's ability to interact effectively with others and to establish meaningful relationships is known as _______ wellness
An individual's ability to meet the demands of daily life is known as _______ wellness
An individual demonstrates which type of wellness when he/she establishes a values system and carries out meaningful and constructive life goals?
It is possible for an individual to possess health and wellness while being ill or having a debilitating condition because he/she
may still have a positive mental outlook.
What is the primary difference between health-related and skill-related fitness?
Skill-related fitness components are more difficult to perform
Which of the following is NOT a component of health-related physical fitness?
too little exercise.
Which of the following is an example of a hypokinetic condition?
Which of the following determinants do we have the LEAST amount of control over?
Which of the following is the BEST way to prevent illness and early death in our society?
Which of the following statements is true?
More than half of early deaths are the result of chronic diseases caused by unhealthy lifestyles.
Environmental determinants account for which percentage of early deaths?
Which of the following is a determinant you CAN control?
Approximately ________ percent of unnecessary deaths occur as a result of disparities in the health-care system
Which of the following health determinants do we have SOME control over?
both environmental factors and health-care system
Being aware of your personal family history is one way to limit the effects of which "determinant?"
What is the leading "actual cause of death" in the United States?
Traditional medicine that focuses primarily on the treatment of illnesses with medication, rather than illness prevention and wellness, is sometimes referred to as the ___________ model.
Which of the following is NOT true of "priority lifestyles?"
They are influenced primarily by factors outside of your control.
What is the most important contributing factor to premature death in our society?
Which of the following is currently the #1 cause of death?
The major causes of early death have shifted from infectious diseases to chronic lifestyle conditions because
scientific advancements have improved medicine
The three priority healthy lifestyles are regular physical activity, sound nutrition, and
Which of the following is NOT listed as one of the top three "actual" causes of death?
Which of the following statements is true regarding the "Stages of Change" model?
It can be applied to positive and negative lifestyles.
can be useful in altering factors related to making lifestyle changes
The ultimate goal for any health behavior is to reach the stage of
Goal setting and self-assessment are examples of which behavior change factor?
Confidence in your ability to perform a specific activity is called
Learning to resist snack foods and candy provided by co-workers is an example of which self-management skill?
When a person evaluates his or her own level of fitness and health, this is known as which type of skill?
Ex-smokers who learn methods of saying "no" to those who offer tobacco are practicing
Which of the following is considered to be the first step in planning for healthy lifestyles?
Reinforcing factors include
family, friends, and health professionals
The "M" in the acronym SMART stands for
Which of the following is an example of an outcome goal?
losing 1 pound a week
Which step in program planning should come BEFORE setting goals?
According to the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), what guidelines are recommended for individuals classified as "high risk" for cardiovascular disease?
Consult a physician before beginning an exercise program
Which of the following is a benefit of a warm-up prior to exercise?
decreases the risk of irregular heartbeats
Which of the following is true of a cool down?
It prevents blood from pooling in the extremities and reduces risk of fainting
What is the primary purpose of a cardiovascular cool down?
to minimize blood pooling and speed recovery
Physical activity in hot and humid environments challenges the body because
it produces large amounts of heat that must be dissipated
Which of the following is true of exercise in the heat?
Evaporation of sweat is our primary mode of heat loss
Which is the best recommendation for avoiding dehydration?
Drink before, during, and after exercise
When a person has hot, flushed, dry skin with a fast pulse, this could be a sign of
The least severe form of heat problem during exercise is
Which of the following is the most severe heat-related injury?
Delayed onset muscle soreness is due to
microscopic muscle tears
Hypokinetic diseases refer to those that are caused by
Which is NOT a primary risk factor for heart disease?
. ______________ is a term used for all fats and fatty substances in the blood
What is the name of the substance that forms a blood clot when combined with blood cells?
Which of the following is true of hypertension?
Regular exercise helps reduce blood pressure for those with hypertension
Which of the following is true regarding physical activity and cancer?
Physical activity has been shown to reduce risks of some cancers
The term "hypokinetic" literally refers to
lack of movement
Atherosclerosis contributes to which of the following diseases?
Which of the following is a health-related aspect of fitness
Which of the following is a skill-related component of fitness?
The ability to transfer energy into force at a fast rate of speed is called
The ability to use the senses, such as sight or hearing, with the body parts to perform motor tasks smoothly and accurately is termed
The maintenance of equilibrium while stationary or while moving is termed
The ability to change rapidly the position of the entire body in space with speed and accuracy is termed
. _______________ refers to the number of healthy years in your life that are free of illness and debilitating conditions.
The ability to perform daily work, school, and household tasks without undue fatigue, while also possessing adequate fitness to meet the demands of emergency situations, is referred to as
The "E" in HELP stands for
What is the primary purpose of self-assessments of lifestyles?
identify areas in which you may need to make improvements
Which of the following are not dimensions of wellness?
Health varies greatly with income, gender, and
The purpose of the PAR-Q is to
assess reasons for exercise participation.
A "by-product" of the metabolic process that occurs during anaerobic training or exercise is called
What is good advice for getting rid of muscle cramps due to exercise?
perform static stretching
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